"A comparative analysis of the political economies and ideologies underlying the emergence of the Palestinian Hamas and the Algerian FIS"

  • This paper examines the political-economy and cultural dynamics and discourses underlying the emergence of the Palestinian Hamas and the Algerian Islamic Salvation Front. Both movements emerged in the late 1980s as responses to continuing (neo) colonial conditions in their countries. I explore to what extent the various processes commonly referred to as “globalization,” both the world-wide economic transformations epitomized by post-fordism on the macro/system level and neo-liberal structural adjustment programs within countries, and—perhaps more important—its cultural dynamics contributed to the rise and power of both movements. I examine the socio-economic situation in Algeria and Palestine-Israel during the 1980s and link it to the politics developments in both countries. Next I review the events behind the founding of both movements and the main components of their ideologies and strategies. Finally I explore their arguments to determine whether the political-economic or cultural pressures unleashed by globalization were the determining factor in their emergence and ideological development. I conclude by comparing the two case studies to determine if there are common threads that can serve as the basis for a region-wide investigation of the role of globalization in the emergence and/or rise to social hegemony of Islamist movements in other MENA countries.

Download full text files

Export metadata

Additional Services

Share in Twitter Search Google Scholar
Author:Mark LeVine
Document Type:Working Paper
Date of Publication (online):2009/05/11
Year of first Publication:2002
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Contributing Corporation:The Project for the Research of Islamist Movements (PRISM) Herzliya, Israel
Release Date:2009/05/11
Dewey Decimal Classification:3 Sozialwissenschaften / 30 Sozialwissenschaften, Soziologie / 300 Sozialwissenschaften
Sammlungen:JudaicaDoc | Jüdische Studien und Israel-Studien / Israel
Licence (German):License LogoDeutsches Urheberrecht