Relevance of Ataxin-2 in Receptor Endocytosis

  • Ataxin-2 is a novel protein, within which the unstable expansion of a polyglutamine domain can cause Spinocerebellar Ataxia type 2 (SCA2), a neurodegenerative disease which belongs to the group of polyglutamine disorders. SCA2 is characterised by a progressive loss of neurons that first affects the cerebellum and brain stem and then may extend to other areas of the brain, like substantia nigra, motoneurons and thalamus. Several lines of research have attempted to determine therole of ataxin-2 in its normal and mutant version. Different animal models and cell culture approaches to study ataxin-2 function implicated ataxin-2 in RNA processing, embryonic development, apoptosis and cytoskeleton. However, the function of ataxin-2 still remains unclear. In this thesis, a protein interaction approach was chosen as an alternative to gain insights into the cellular function of ataxin-2. Full-length ataxin-2 was used as bait in a yeast two-hybrid screen of human adult brain cDNA. Among five candidate interactor proteins identified, two were the endophilins A1 and A3, proteins involved in vesicle endocytosis. Co-immunoprecipitation studies confirmed the association of these proteins in an endogenous complex of mouse brain. In vitro binding experiments narrowed the binding interfaces down to two proline-rich domains on ataxin-2, which interacted with the SH3 domain of endophilins A1/A3. Ataxin-2 and endophilins A1/A3 colocalised at the endoplasmic reticulum as determined by immunofluorescence microscopy of transfected cell lines, and by centrifugation fractionation studies of mouse brain. Importantly, the pattern observed in transfected cells was conserved in untransfected rat hippocampal neurons. In mouse brain, associations of ataxin-2 with endocytic proteins such as the adaptor CIN85, the ubiquitin ligase c-Cbl and also GRB2, in the last case by means of a SH3 domain array chip, were also demonstrated. GST pull-down assays showed ataxin-2 to interact directly with the SH3 domains A and C of CIN85, the C-terminal SH3 domain of GRB2, and the SH3 domain of Src, a kinase activated after receptor stimulation. Functional studies demonstrated that ataxin-2 affects endocytic trafficking of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) by reducing the EGFR internalisation after EGF stimulation. Taken together, these data implicate ataxin-2 to play a role in endocytic receptor cycling.

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Author:Fabián David Nonis
Title Additional (German):Relevanz von Ataxin-2 bei Rezeptor-Endozytose
Referee:Anna Starzinski-PowitzORCiDGND
Document Type:Doctoral Thesis
Date of Publication (online):2009/04/17
Year of first Publication:2008
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Granting Institution:Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität
Release Date:2009/04/17
Diese Dissertation steht außerhalb der Universitätsbibliothek leider (aus urheberrechtlichen Gründen) nicht im Volltext zur Verfügung. Die CD-ROM kann (auch über Fernleihe) bei der UB Frankfurt am Main ausgeliehen werden.
Institutes:Biowissenschaften / Biowissenschaften
Dewey Decimal Classification:5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 57 Biowissenschaften; Biologie / 570 Biowissenschaften; Biologie
Sammlungen:Sammlung Biologie / Weitere biologische Literatur (eingeschränkter Zugriff)
Licence (German):License LogoArchivex. zur Lesesaalplatznutzung § 52b UrhG