Aphytophagy in butterflies : its relationship to myrmecophily

  • The regular or obligate aphytophagy of certain lycaenid butterflies (Lepidoptera) is discussed within the framework of the most recent general classification of the family. A summary survey of all Lycaenidae known to be aphytophagous is presented, together with a brief account of cannibalism and other opportunistic aphytophagy exhibited by normally phytophagous butterflies. The range of food sources (plants, animals, excretions and regurgitations) exploited by lycaenids is reviewed with emphasis falling on the ecology of myrmecophilous early stages and the significance of their ant-related adaptations. Adult feeding and oviposition behaviour reveal further associations with ants. Specificity oflycaenid/ant relationships and the possible biological effects ofaphytophagy on the Lycaenidae are discussed. Finally, speculations concerning the evolution of aphytophagy by these bulterflies are critically presented.

Download full text files

  • E001875456.pdf

Export metadata

Additional Services

Share in Twitter Search Google Scholar
Author:C. B. Cottrell
Parent Title (English):Zoological journal of the Linnean Society
Document Type:Article
Date of Publication (online):2010/02/21
Year of first Publication:1984
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2010/02/21
Tag:Formicidae Homoptera; Lycaenidae; aphytophagy; cannibalism; host specificity; larval behaviour; myrmecophily; oviposition
Page Number:57
First Page:1
Last Page:57
Signatur: 8 Q 17.273
Dewey Decimal Classification:5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 59 Tiere (Zoologie) / 590 Tiere (Zoologie)
Sammlungen:Sammlung Biologie / Weitere biologische Literatur (eingeschränkter Zugriff)
Licence (German):License LogoArchivex. zur Lesesaalplatznutzung § 52b UrhG