Hundred days of cognitive training enhance broad cognitive abilities in adulthood: findings from the COGITO study

  • We examined whether positive transfer of cognitive training, which so far has been observed for individual tests only, also generalizes to cognitive abilities, thereby carrying greater promise for improving everyday intellectual competence in adulthood and old age. In the COGITO Study, 101 younger and 103 older adults practiced six tests of perceptual speed (PS), three tests of working memory (WM), and three tests of episodic memory (EM) for over 100 daily 1-h sessions. Transfer assessment included multiple tests of PS, WM, EM, and reasoning. In both age groups, reliable positive transfer was found not only for individual tests but also for cognitive abilities, represented as latent factors. Furthermore, the pattern of correlations between latent change factors of practiced and latent change factors of transfer tasks indicates systematic relations at the level of broad abilities, making the interpretation of effects as resulting from unspecific increases in motivation or self-concept less likely. Keywords: cognitive training, cognitive abilities, transfer, latent factors, working memory

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Author:Florian SchmiedekORCiDGND, Martin LövdénORCiD, Ulman LindenbergerORCiDGND
Parent Title (German):Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
Document Type:Article
Year of Completion:2010
Year of first Publication:2010
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2010/10/26
Tag:cognitive abilities; cognitive training; latent factors; transfer; working memory
Copyright © 2010 Schmiedek, Lövdén and Lindenberger.. This is an open-access article subject to an exclusive license agreement between the authors and the Frontiers Research Foundation, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original authors and source are credited.
Source:Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience 2010; 2:27 ; doi: 10.3389/fnagi.2010.00027
Institutes:Psychologie und Sportwissenschaften / Psychologie
Angeschlossene und kooperierende Institutionen / Deutsches Institut für Internationale Pädagogische Forschung (DIPF)
Dewey Decimal Classification:1 Philosophie und Psychologie / 15 Psychologie / 150 Psychologie
Licence (German):License LogoDeutsches Urheberrecht