Modeling the effects of neuronal morphology on dendritic chloride diffusion and GABAergic inhibition

  • Poster presentation at the Twenty Third Annual Computational Neuroscience Meeting: CNS*2014 Québec City, Canada. 26-31 July 2014. Gamma-aminobutyric acid receptors (GABAARs) are ligand-gated chloride (Cl−) channels which mediate the majority of inhibitory neurotransmission in the CNS. Spatiotemporal changes of intracellular Cl− concentration alter the concentration gradient for Cl− across the neuronal membrane and thus affect the current flow through GABAARs and the efficacy of GABAergic inhibition. However, the impact of complex neuronal morphology on Cl− diffusion and the redistribution of intracellular Cl− is not well understood. Recently, computational models for Cl− diffusion and GABAAR-mediated inhibition in realistic neuronal morphologies became available [1-3]. Here we have used computational models of morphologically complex dendrites to test the effects of spines on Cl− diffusion. In all dendritic morphologies tested, spines slowed down longitudinal Cl− diffusion along dendrites and decreased the amount and spatial spread of synaptically evoked Cl− changes. Spine densities of 2-10 spines/µm decreased the longitudinal diffusion coefficient of Cl− to 80-30% of its value in smooth dendrites, respectively. These results suggest that spines are able to limit short-term ionic plasticity [4] at dendritic GABAergic synapses.

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Author:Namrata Mohapatra, Fidel Santamaria, Peter JedličkaORCiDGND
Parent Title (English):BMC neuroscience
Publisher:BioMed Central
Place of publication:London
Document Type:Conference Proceeding
Date of Publication (online):2014/07/21
Date of first Publication:2014/07/21
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2014/07/25
Volume:15(Suppl 1)
Page Number:1
© 2014 Mohapatra et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver ( applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.
Institutes:Medizin / Medizin
Dewey Decimal Classification:6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 61 Medizin und Gesundheit / 610 Medizin und Gesundheit
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung 4.0