Comprehensive phosphoproteomics of heart development identifies Mic85 as a new component of the mitochondrial MICOS complex

  • Dissecting the complexities of mammalian heart development and regenerative capacity require thorough understanding of the underlying molecular mechanisms through the expression pattern of proteins and post-translational modifications. To obtain insights intoactivated signaling pathways that control the cellular phenotype during postnatal heart development, we generated a comprehensive map of phosphorylation sites. In total we identified 21,261 phosphorylation sites and 8985 proteins in developing mouse hearts by mass spectrometry. The in-vivo SILAC (stable isotope labeling of amino acids in cell culture) approach allowed robust quantification of phosphorylation sites and proteins, which are regulated during heart development. We found several activated pathways involved in cell cycle regulation and detected numerous kinases and transcription factors to be regulated on protein and phosphopeptide level. Most strikingly, we identified a novel mitochondrial protein, known previously as Perm1, as a highly phosphorylated factor regulated during heart development. We renamed Perm1 as MICOS complex subunit Mic85 since it shows robust physical interaction with MICOS complex subunits, including Mitofilin (Mic60), Chchd3 (Mic19), Chchd6 (Mic25) and the outer membrane protein Samm50. Moreover, Mic85 is localized to the mitochondrial inner membrane facing the intermembrane space and the dynamics of Mic85 protein expression is regulated by the ubiquitin-proteasomal system through phosphorylation of casein kinase 2 on its PEST motif. Silencing of Mic85 in cultured neonatal cardiomyocytes impairs mitochondrial morphology and compromises oxidative capacity. Our findings support a clear role for Mic85 in the maintenance of mitochondrial architecture and in its contribution to enhanced energetics during developing and adult mouse cardiomyocytes. The transgenic Mic85 knockout mouse generated with a GFP knock-in will support future in vivo investigations on the integrity of mitochondria and the function of Mic85 in cardiac development.

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Author:Sriram Aravamudhan
Referee:Anna Starzinski-PowitzORCiDGND, Thomas BraunORCiDGND
Advisor:Marcus Krüger
Document Type:Doctoral Thesis
Date of Publication (online):2016/05/17
Year of first Publication:2015
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Granting Institution:Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität
Date of final exam:2016/04/29
Release Date:2016/05/17
Tag:MICOS complex; SILAC; heart development; mitochondria; quantitative proteomics
Page Number:119
Institutes:Biowissenschaften / Biowissenschaften
Dewey Decimal Classification:5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 57 Biowissenschaften; Biologie / 570 Biowissenschaften; Biologie
Sammlung Biologie / Biologische Hochschulschriften (Goethe-Universität)
Licence (German):License LogoDeutsches Urheberrecht