Military training areas facilitate the recolonization of wolves in Germany

  • Wolves (Canis lupus) are currently showing a remarkable comeback in the highly frag-mented cultural landscapes of Germany. We here show that wolf numbers increasedexponentially between 2000 and 2015 with an annual increase of about 36%. Wedemonstrate that the first territories in each newly colonized region were establishedover long distances from the nearest known reproducing pack on active militarytraining areas (MTAs). We show that MTAs, rather than protected areas, served asstepping-stones for the recolonization of Germany facilitating subsequent spreadingof wolf territories in the surrounding landscape. We did not find any significant differ-ence between MTAs and protected areas with regard to habitat. One possible reasonfor the importance of MTAs may be their lower anthropogenic mortality rates com-pared to protected and other areas. To our knowledge, this is the first documented casewhere MTAs facilitate the recolonization of an endangered species across large areas.

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Author:Ilka ReinhardtORCiDGND, Gesa Kluth, Carsten NowakORCiDGND, Claudia Anita Szentiks, Oliver Krone, Hermann Ansorge, Thomas MuellerORCiDGND
Parent Title (English):Conservation letters
Place of publication:Hoboken, NJ
Document Type:Article
Date of Publication (online):2019/02/12
Date of first Publication:2019/02/12
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2020/05/16
Tag:Canis lupus; large carnivores; population growth; protected areas; recolonization
Issue:3, e12635
Page Number:7
First Page:1
Last Page:7
© 2019 The Authors. Conservation Letters published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Institutes:Biowissenschaften / Biowissenschaften
Angeschlossene und kooperierende Institutionen / Senckenbergische Naturforschende Gesellschaft
Biowissenschaften / Institut für Ökologie, Evolution und Diversität
Fachübergreifende Einrichtungen / Biodiversität und Klima Forschungszentrum (BiK-F)
Dewey Decimal Classification:5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 59 Tiere (Zoologie) / 590 Tiere (Zoologie)
3 Sozialwissenschaften / 33 Wirtschaft / 333 Boden- und Energiewirtschaft / 333.7 Natürliche Ressourcen, Energie und Umwelt
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung 4.0