Characterizing the motility of chemotherapeutics-treated acute lymphoblastic leukemia cells by time-lapse imaging

  • Drug resistance is an obstacle in the therapy of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Whether the physical properties such as the motility of the cells contribute to the survival of ALL cells after drug treatment has recently been of increasing interest, as they could potentially allow the metastasis of solid tumor cells and the migration of leukemia cells. We hypothesized that chemotherapeutic treatment may alter these physical cellular properties. To investigate the motility of chemotherapeutics-treated B-cell ALL (B-ALL) cells, patient-derived B-ALL cells were treated with chemotherapy for 7 days and left for 12 h without chemotherapeutic treatment. Two parameters of motility were studied, velocity and migration distance, using a time-lapse imaging system. The study revealed that compared to non-chemotherapeutically treated B-ALL cells, B-ALL cells that survived chemotherapy treatment after 7 days showed reduced motility. We had previously shown that Tysabri and P5G10, antibodies against the adhesion molecules integrins α4 and α6, respectively, may overcome drug resistance mediated through leukemia cell adhesion to bone marrow stromal cells. Therefore, we tested the effect of integrin α4 or α6 blockade on the motility of chemotherapeutics-treated ALL cells. Only integrin α4 blockade decreased the motility and velocity of two chemotherapeutics-treated ALL cell lines. Interestingly, integrin α6 blockade did not affect the velocity of chemoresistant ALL cells. This study explores the physical properties of the movements of chemoresistant B-ALL cells and highlights a potential link to integrins. Further studies to investigate the underlying mechanism are warranted.

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Author:Hsiao-Chuan Liu, Eun Ji Gang, Hye Na Kim, Yongsheng Ruan, Heather Ogana, Zesheng Wan, Halvard-Björn BönigORCiDGND, Kirk Shung, Yong-Mi Kim
Parent Title (English):Cells
Place of publication:Basel
Document Type:Article
Date of Publication (online):2020/06/16
Date of first Publication:2020/06/16
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2020/09/10
Tag:acute lymphoblastic leukemia; cell motility; chemotherapeutics-treated; integrins; time-lapse imaging
Issue:(6), 1470;
Page Number:11
Institutes:Medizin / Medizin
Dewey Decimal Classification:6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 61 Medizin und Gesundheit / 610 Medizin und Gesundheit
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung 4.0