Anemia and systemic inflammation rather than arterial circulatory dysfunction predict decompensation of liver cirrhosis

  • Background: While systemic inflammation is recognized as playing a central role in the pathogenesis of organ failures in patients with liver cirrhosis, less is known about its relevance in the development of classical hepatic decompensation. Aim: To characterize the relationship between systemic inflammation, hemodynamics, and anemia with decompensation of liver cirrhosis. Methods: This is a post-hoc analysis of a cohort study of outpatients with advanced liver fibrosis or cirrhosis. Results: Analysis included 338 patients of whom 51 patients (15%) were hospitalized due to decompensation of liver cirrhosis during a median follow-up time of six months. In univariate analysis, active alcoholism (p = 0.002), model of end-stage liver disease (MELD) score (p = 0.00002), serum IL-6 concentration (p = 0.006), heart rate (p = 0.03), low arterial blood pressure (p < 0.05), maximal portal venous flow (p = 0.008), and low hemoglobin concentration (p < 0.00001) were associated with hospitalization during follow-up. Multivariate analysis revealed an independent association of low hemoglobin (OR = 0.62, 95% CI = 0.51–0.78, p = 0.001) and serum IL-6 concentration (OR = 1.02, 95% CI = 1.01–1.04, p = 0.03)—but not of hemodynamic parameters—with hepatic decompensation. An inverse correlation between hemoglobin concentration and portal venous flow (R = −0.362, p < 0.0001) was detected for the non-hospitalized patients. Accuracy of baseline hemoglobin levels for predicting hospitalization (AUC = 0.84, p < 0.000001) was high. Conclusion: Anemia and systemic inflammation, rather than arterial circulatory dysfunction, are strong and independent predictors of hepatic decompensation in outpatients with liver cirrhosis.

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Author:Christina Bothou, Sabrina Rüschenbaum, Alica KubeschORCiDGND, Leonie Quenstedt, Katharina Schwarzkopf, Christoph WelschORCiDGND, Stefan ZeuzemORCiDGND, Tania Mara WelzelGND, Christian Markus Lange
Parent Title (English):Journal of Clinical Medicine
Place of publication:Basel
Document Type:Article
Date of Publication (online):2020/04/26
Date of first Publication:2020/04/26
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2020/10/08
Tag:acute-on-chronic liver failure; ascites; decompensated liver cirrhosis; portal hypertension
Issue:(5), 1263
Institutes:Medizin / Medizin
Dewey Decimal Classification:6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 61 Medizin und Gesundheit / 610 Medizin und Gesundheit
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung 4.0