Epidemiology and management of chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension: experience from two expert centers

  • Objectives: Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) is a rare, distinct pulmonary vascular disease, and therefore, there is a lack of data regarding its clinical presentation, diagnosis, and management at a national basis. We aimed to describe the demographics and management of patients with CTEPH in Northern Greece. Methods: We conducted a retrospective, observational study by a joint collaboration between two pulmonary hypertension expert centers in Greece, and the study included patients diagnosed with CTEPH. The patient population was divided into two groups depending on their operability. Results: Overall, 27 consecutive patients were included (59% female, mean age 59.3±15.1 years). Dyspnea and fatigue were the most common presenting symptoms. History of pulmonary embolism was present in 82%. Of patients, 18 (67%) were assessed as operable, of whom 10 (55%) finally underwent pulmonary endarterectomy (PEA). There were no differences in symptoms, WHO functional class, 6-min walking test distance, and hemodynamics between the operable and nonoperable groups. At the end of follow-up, all non-operable and operable patients who did not receive surgical treatment were treated with at least one pulmonary hypertension-specific drug. Conclusion: This is the first report that presents data of patients diagnosed with CTEPH in Greece. The percentage of patients who underwent surgical treatment is lower but approaches the reported rates in large registries. Considering that PEA is a relatively safe and potentially curative surgical procedure, we emphasize the need for establishing a designated PEA center in Greece. Keywords: Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension, pulmonary endarterectomy, registry, riociguat.

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Author:Maria Anna Bazmpani, Alexandra Arvanitaki, Maria Toumpourleka, Georgia Pitsiou, Evangelia Panagiotidou, Sophia Anastasia Mouratoglou, Georgios Sianos, Stavros Hadjimiltiades, Antonios Pitsis, Eckhard Mayer, Ioannis Stanopoulos, Haralambos Karvounis, George Giannakoula
Parent Title (English):Hellenic journal of cardiology
Document Type:Article
Date of Publication (online):2017/05/17
Date of first Publication:2017/05/17
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2020/10/22
Tag:chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension; pulmonary endarterectomy; registry; riociguat
Page Number:8
First Page:16
Last Page:23
Institutes:Medizin / Medizin
Dewey Decimal Classification:6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 61 Medizin und Gesundheit / 610 Medizin und Gesundheit
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung-Nicht kommerziell - Keine Bearbeitung 4.0