Perceptual-cognitive function and unplanned athletic movement task performance: a systematic review

  • The performance of choice-reaction tasks during athletic movement has been demonstrated to evoke unfavorable biomechanics in the lower limb. However, the mechanism of this observation is unknown. We conducted a systematic review examining the association between (1) the biomechanical and functional safety of unplanned sports-related movements (e.g., jumps/runs with a spontaneously indicated landing leg/cutting direction) and (2) markers of perceptual–cognitive function (PCF). A literature search in three databases (PubMed, ScienceDirect and Google Scholar) identified five relevant articles. The study quality, rated by means of a modified Downs and Black checklist, was moderate to high (average: 13/16 points). Four of five papers, in at least one parameter, found either an association of PCF with task safety or significantly reduced task safety in low vs. high PCF performers. However, as (a) the outcomes, populations and statistical methods of the included trials were highly heterogeneous and (b) only two out of five studies had an adequate control condition (pre-planned movement task), the evidence was classified as conflicting. In summary, PCF may represent a factor affecting injury risk and performance during unplanned sports-related movements, but future research strengthening the evidence for this association is warranted.

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Author:Jan WilkeORCiDGND, Jan David Alexander GronebergORCiDGND, Winfried BanzerGND, Florian GiescheORCiD
Parent Title (English):International journal of environmental research and public health
Place of publication:Basel
Document Type:Article
Date of Publication (online):2020/10/14
Date of first Publication:2020/10/14
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2020/11/12
Tag:athletes; brain function; cognition; decision-making; sports; unanticipated
Issue:20, art. 7481
Page Number:13
Institutes:Psychologie und Sportwissenschaften / Sportwissenschaften
Medizin / Medizin
Dewey Decimal Classification:6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 61 Medizin und Gesundheit / 610 Medizin und Gesundheit
7 Künste und Unterhaltung / 79 Sport, Spiele, Unterhaltung / 790 Freizeitgestaltung, darstellende Künste, Sport
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung 4.0