Discomfort/pain due to periodontal and peri‐implant probing with/without platform switching

  • Objective: To compare discomfort/pain following periodontal probing around teeth and peri‐implant probing around implants with or without platform switching. Methods: Two dentists recruited and examined 65 patients, each of them exhibiting a dental implant with a contralateral tooth. Only two types of implants were included: one with and one without platform switching. Periodontal and peri‐implant probing depths (PPD) and probing attachment level (PAL) were assessed. Whether implant or tooth was measured first was randomly assigned. Immediately after probing, patients scored discomfort/pain using a visual analogue scale (VAS). The emergence profiles of implant crowns were assessed as angles between interproximal surfaces on radiographs. Results: Sixty‐five patients (age 69; 63/76 years [median; lower/upper quartile]; 38 females, 11 smokers) were examined. With the exception of mean PPD and PAL (p < .05) clinical parameters (PPD, PAL, bleeding on probing, suppuration) were well balanced between implants and teeth. Peri‐implant probing (VAS: 10; 0.75/16.25) caused significantly (p < .001) more discomfort/pain than periodontal probing (4; 0/10). Logistic regression analysis identified a larger difference between discomfort/pain for peri‐implant and periodontal probing in the maxilla than the mandible (p = .003). Comparing discomfort/pain between implants maxilla (p = .006) and emergence profile (p = .015) were associated with discomfort/pain. Type of implant (with/without platform switching) had no significant effect on discomfort/pain. Conclusions: Peri‐implant probing caused significantly more discomfort/pain than periodontal probing. Implant design with/without platform switching failed to have a significant effect on discomfort/pain.

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Author:Puria ParviniGND, Michael Saminsky, Julia Stanner, Matthias Klum, Katrin NicklesORCiDGND, Peter EickholzORCiDGND
Parent Title (English):Clinical oral implants research
Place of publication:Oxford
Document Type:Article
Date of Publication (online):2019/07/20
Date of first Publication:2019/07/20
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2020/12/08
Tag:dental implants; discomfort/pain; periodontal probing,; peri‐implant probing; platform switching
Page Number:8
First Page:997
Last Page:1004
Institutes:Medizin / Medizin
Dewey Decimal Classification:6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 61 Medizin und Gesundheit / 610 Medizin und Gesundheit
Licence (English):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung-Nicht kommerziell 4.0