A within-sample comparison of two innovative neuropsychological tests for assessing ADHD

  • New innovative neuropsychological tests in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder ADHD have been proposed as objective measures for diagnosis and therapy. The current study aims to investigate two different commercial continuous performance tests (CPT) in a head-to-head comparison regarding their comparability and their link with clinical parameters. The CPTs were evaluated in a clinical sample of 29 adult patients presenting in an ADHD outpatient clinic. Correlational analyses were performed between neuropsychological data, clinical rating scales, and a personality-based measure. Though inattention was found to positively correlate between the two tests (r = 0.49, p = 0.01), no association with clinical measures and inattention was found for both tests. While hyperactivity did not correlate between both tests, current ADHD symptoms were positively associated with Nesplora Aquarium’s motor activity (r = 0.52 to 0.61, p < 0.05) and the Qb-Test’s hyperactivity (r = 0.52 to 0.71, p < 0.05). Conclusively, the overall comparability of the tests was limited and correlation with clinical parameters was low. While our study shows some interesting correlation between clinical symptoms and sub-scales of these tests, usage in clinical practice is not recommended.

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Author:Anna Baader, Behnaz Kiani, Nathalie Brunkhorst-KanaanGND, Sarah Kittel-SchneiderORCiDGND, Andreas ReifORCiDGND, Oliver GrimmORCiDGND
Parent Title (English):Brain Sciences
Place of publication:Basel
Document Type:Article
Date of Publication (online):2020/12/31
Date of first Publication:2020/12/31
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2021/01/04
Tag:ADHD; GHQ-28; Nesplora Aquarium; Qb-Test; UPPS; attention; continuous performance test; hyperactivity; impulsivity; neuropsychology
Institutes:Medizin / Medizin
Dewey Decimal Classification:6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 61 Medizin und Gesundheit / 610 Medizin und Gesundheit
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung 4.0