Pharmacological activation of p53 during human monocyte to macrophage differentiation attenuates their pro-inflammatory activation by TLR4, TLR7 and TLR8 agonists

  • Simple Summary: Pharmacological activation of tumor suppressor p53 is a promising therapeutic strategy for a range of hematologic and solid cancers. Whether p53 activation augments or suppresses anti-tumor innate immunity is less understood. Here we show that treatment of differentiating human macrophages with a p53 activator idasanutlin suppresses their inflammatory responses to activators of toll-like receptors (TLR) -4 and -7/8. This is accompanied by reduced expression of TLR7, TLR8, as well as TLR4 co-receptor CD14. These data help evaluating the possibilities of combining p53-targeting and immunostimulatory anti-cancer therapies. Abstract: The transcription factor p53 has well-recognized roles in regulating cell cycle, DNA damage repair, cell death, and metabolism. It is an important tumor suppressor and pharmacological activation of p53 by interrupting its interaction with the ubiquitin E3 ligase mouse double minute 2 homolog (MDM2) is actively explored for anti-tumor therapies. In immune cells, p53 modulates inflammatory responses, but the impact of p53 on macrophages remains incompletely understood. In this study, we used the MDM2 antagonist idasanutlin (RG7388) to investigate the responses of primary human macrophages to pharmacological p53 activation. Idasanutlin induced a robust p53-dependent transcriptional signature in macrophages, including several pro-apoptotic genes. However, idasanutlin did not generally sensitize macrophages to apoptosis, except for an enhanced response to a Fas-stimulating antibody. In fully differentiated macrophages, idasanutlin did not affect pro-inflammatory gene expression induced by toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), TLR3, and TLR7/8 agonists, but inhibited interleukin-4-induced macrophage polarization. However, when present during monocyte to macrophage differentiation, idasanutlin attenuated inflammatory responses towards activation of TLR4 and TLR7/8 by low doses of lipopolysaccharide or resiquimod (R848). This was accompanied by a reduced expression of CD14, TLR7, and TLR8 in macrophages differentiated in the presence of idasanutlin. Our data suggest anti-inflammatory effects of pharmacological p53 activation in differentiating human macrophages.
Author:Dmitry NamgaladzeORCiD, Bernhard BrüneORCiD
Parent Title (English):Cancers
Place of publication:Basel
Document Type:Article
Date of Publication (online):2021/02/25
Date of first Publication:2021/02/25
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2021/05/19
Tag:apoptosis; inflammation; macrophages; p53
Issue:5, art. 958
Page Number:12
First Page:1
Last Page:12
Dewey Decimal Classification:6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 61 Medizin und Gesundheit / 610 Medizin und Gesundheit
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung 4.0