The effect of lymph node dissection on cancer‐specific survival in salvage radical prostatectomy patients

  • Background: We hypothesized that lymph node dissection (LND) at salvage radical prostatectomy may be associated with lower cancer-specific mortality (CSM) and we tested this hypothesis. Methods: We relied on surveillance, epidemiology, and end results (2004–2016) to identify all salvage radical prostatectomy patients. Categorical, as well as univariate and multivariate Cox regression models tested the effect of LND (LND performed vs. not), as well as at its extent (log-transformed lymph node count) on CSM. Results: Of 427 salvage radical prostatectomy patients, 120 (28.1%) underwent LND with a median lymph node count of 6 (interquartile range [IQR], 3–11). According to LND status, no significant or clinically meaningful differences were recorded in PSA at diagnosis, stage and biopsy Gleason score at diagnosis, except for age at prostate cancer diagnosis (LND performed 63 vs. 68 years LND not performed, p < .001). LND status (performed) was an independent predictor of lower CSM (hazard ratio [HR] 0.47; p = .03). Similarly, lymph node count (log transformed) also independently predicted lower CSM (HR: 0.60; p = .01). After the 7th removed lymph node, the effect of CSM became marginal. The effect of N-stage on CSM could not be tested due to insufficient number of observations. Conclusions: Salvage radical prostatectomy is rarely performed and LND at salvage radical prostatectomy is performed in a minority of patients. However, LND at salvage radical prostatectomy is associated with lower CSM. Moreover, LND extent also exerts a protective effect on CSM. These observations should be considered in salvage radical prostatectomy candidates.

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Author:Mike WenzelORCiDGND, Christoph WürnschimmelORCiD, Luigi NoceraORCiD, Claudia Collà RuvoloORCiD, Zhe Tian, Shahrokh F. ShariatORCiDGND, Fred SaadORCiDGND, Alberto BrigantiORCiD, Markus GraefenORCiDGND, Luis KluthORCiDGND, Philipp MandelORCiDGND, Felix ChunORCiDGND, Pierre I. Karakiewicz
Parent Title (English):The prostate
Place of publication:New York, NY
Document Type:Article
Date of Publication (online):2021/03/05
Date of first Publication:2021/03/05
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2021/08/30
Tag:cancer specific survival; lymph node dissection; prostate cancer; salvage radical prostatectomy
Page Number:8
First Page:339
Last Page:346
Open Access funding enabled and organized by Projekt DEAL.
Dewey Decimal Classification:6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 61 Medizin und Gesundheit / 610 Medizin und Gesundheit
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung-Nicht kommerziell - Keine Bearbeitung 4.0