Multinucleated giant cells induced by a silk fibroin construct express proinflammatory agents: an immunohistological study

  • Multinucleated giant cells (MNGCs) are frequently observed in the implantation areas of different biomaterials. The main aim of the present study was to analyze the long-term polarization pattern of the pro- and anti-inflammatory phenotypes of macrophages and MNGCs for 180 days to better understand their role in the success or failure of biomaterials. For this purpose, silk fibroin (SF) was implanted in a subcutaneous implantation model of Wistar rats as a model for biomaterial-induced MNGCs. A sham operation was used as a control for physiological wound healing. The expression of different inflammatory markers (proinflammatory M1: CCR-7, iNos; anti-inflammatory M2: CD-206, CD-163) and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) and CD-68 were identified using immunohistochemical staining. The results showed significantly higher numbers of macrophages and MNGCs within the implantation bed of SF-expressed M1 markers, compared to M2 markers. Interestingly, the expression of proinflammatory markers was sustained over the long observation period of 180 days. By contrast, the control group showed a peak of M1 macrophages only on day 3. Thereafter, the inflammatory pattern shifted to M2 macrophages. No MNGCs were observed in the control group. To the best of our knowledge, this is study is the first to outline the persistence of pro-inflammatory MNGCs within the implantation bed of SF and to describe their long-term kinetics over 180 days. Clinically, these results are highly relevant to understand the role of biomaterial-induced MNGCs in the long term. These findings suggest that tailored physicochemical properties may be a key to avoiding extensive inflammatory reactions and achieving clinical success. Therefore, further research is needed to elucidate the correlation between proinflammatory MNGCs and the physicochemical characteristics of the implanted biomaterial.

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Author:Sarah al- MaawiGND, Xuejiu Wang, Robert Alexander SaderORCiDGND, Werner Götz, Antonella Motta, Claudio Migliaresi, Charles James KirkpatrickORCiD, Shahram GhanaatiORCiDGND
Parent Title (English):Materials
Place of publication:Basel
Document Type:Article
Date of Publication (online):2021/07/19
Date of first Publication:2021/07/19
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2021/09/06
Tag:cellular response; disintegration; inflammation; multinucleated giant cells; silk fibroin
Issue:14, art. 4038
Page Number:19
First Page:1
Last Page:19
Institutes:Medizin / Medizin
Dewey Decimal Classification:6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 61 Medizin und Gesundheit / 610 Medizin und Gesundheit
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung 4.0