Bacterial translocation and microgap formation at a novel conical indexed implant abutment system for single crowns

  • Objectives: A conometric concept was recently introduced in which conical implant abutments hold the matching crown copings by friction alone, eliminating the need for cement or screws. The aim of this in vitro study was to assess the presence of microgap formation and bacterial leakage at the Acuris conometric restorative interface of three different implant abutment systems. Material and methods: A total of 75 Acuris samples of three implant-abutment systems (Ankylos, Astra Tech EV, Xive) were subjected to microbiological (n = 60) and scanning electron microscopic (SEM) investigation (n = 15). Bacterial migration into and out of the conical coupling system were analyzed in an anaerobic workstation for 48, 96, 144, and 192 h. Bacterial DNA quantification using qrt-PCR was performed at each time point. The precision of the conometric coupling and internal fit of cemented CAD/CAM crowns on corresponding Acuris TiN copings were determined by means of SEM. Results: qrt-PCR results failed to demonstrate microbial leakage from or into the Acuris system. SEM analysis revealed minute punctate microgaps at the apical aspect of the conometric junction (2.04 to 2.64 µm), while mean cement gaps of 12 to 145 µm were observed at the crown-coping interface. Conclusions: The prosthetic morse taper connection of all systems examined does not allow bacterial passage. Marginal integrity and internal luting gap between the ceramic crown and the coping remained within the clinically acceptable limits. Clinical relevance: Conometrically seated single crowns provide sufficient sealing efficiency, relocating potential misfits from the crown-abutment interface to the crown-coping interface.
Author:Peter GehrkeORCiDGND, Simon Burg, Ulrike PetersORCiD, Thomas Beikler, Carsten FischerORCiD, Frank Rupp, Ernst Schweizer, Paul WeiglORCiD, Robert Alexander SaderORCiDGND, Ralf SmeetsORCiDGND, Sogand SchäferORCiD
Parent Title (English):Clinical oral investigations
Place of publication:Berlin ; Heidelberg
Document Type:Article
Date of Publication (online):2021/08/16
Date of first Publication:2021/08/16
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2021/10/04
Tag:Acuris; Bacterial leakage; CAD/CAM crown; Cement gap; Conometric connection; Marginal integrity; Microgap
Page Number:15
Open Access funding enabled and organized by Projekt DEAL.
Dewey Decimal Classification:6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 61 Medizin und Gesundheit / 610 Medizin und Gesundheit
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung 4.0