Otoplasty through ventral skin incision and shaping of the antihelix by abrasion - a retrospective study

  • (1) Background: Protruding ears are the most common auricular malformation affecting approximately 5% of the population. One common factor leading to auricular protrusion is a deficiency or total absence of the antihelix. A technique first described by Gottfried Lemperle in 2003 attempts cartilage thinning, folding, and fixation by non-absorbable mattress sutures after ventral skin incision along the ventral helical rim. (2) Methods: Retrospective analysis of patient records was performed for otoplasties according to this technique, performed between 1985 and 2014 at Agaplesion Markus Hospital in Frankfurt, Germany. All recorded complications were examined. (3) Results: A total of 912 single otoplasties were performed according to this technique from 1985 to 2014. Overall complications included 26% minor complications not requiring further surgery and 11% major complications leading to revision surgery. Within those requiring revision surgery, the most common reason was recurrence of auricular protrusion (5%), followed by suture granulomas (5%) and hematomas (2%). (4) Conclusions: Lemperle’s otoplasty technique addresses the open thinning and shaping of the antihelix through a ventral incision along the helix to prevent irregularities and possible ridges. Results show a low complication rate comparable to data found in published studies. This technique is easy to perform, safe, and avoids often seen contour irregularities of the antihelix compared to techniques with a posterior approach.

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Author:Shafreena KühnORCiDGND, Nadine WöhlerGND, Andrej WehleORCiDGND, Lara KüenzlenORCiD, Jens Martin RothenbergerORCiDGND, Robert Alexander SaderORCiDGND, Gottfried LemperleORCiDGND, Ulrich RiegerORCiDGND
Parent Title (English):Journal of Clinical Medicine
Place of publication:Basel
Document Type:Article
Date of Publication (online):2021/08/20
Date of first Publication:2021/08/20
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2022/07/04
Tag:Lemperle; antihelix shaping; otoplasty; protruding ear; ventral otoplasty
Issue:16, art. 3713
Article Number:3713
Page Number:8
First Page:1
Last Page:8
Dewey Decimal Classification:6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 61 Medizin und Gesundheit / 610 Medizin und Gesundheit
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung 4.0