Current and future treatment options for HCV

  • Aim of antiviral therapy of patients with chronic hepatitis C is the sustained elimination of the hepatitis C virus (HCV). The standard of care (SOC) is peginterferon alfa-2a/-2b with ribavirin for 48 weeks or 24 weeks in patients infected with HCV genotype 1 or 2/3, respectively. Overall, approximately half of the patients can be cured by SOC. Based on baseline viral load and the speed of virologic response during treatment, individualization of treatment duration is possible. However, this approach is not sufficient to substantially improve the sustained virologic response (SVR) rates. This goal can be achieved with new HCV specific inhibitors against the NS3/4A polymerase and the NS5B polymerase. Recent trials reported SVR rates in the order of 67-69% and 67-75% for the combination of SOC with the protease inhibitors telaprevir and boceprevir, respectively, in patients with HCV genotype 1 infection. Several new HCV specific inhibitors such as protease inhibitors, nucleoside and non-nucleoside polymerase inhibitors as well as non HCV specific compounds with anti-HCV activity such as cyclophilin inhibitors, silibinin, and nitazoxanide are currently in clinical evaluation. The review describes recent developments and discusses limitations posed by resistance development and drug toxicity.

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Author:Bernd KronenbergerORCiDGND, Stefan ZeuzemORCiDGND
Parent Title (English):Annals of Hepatology
Publisher:Mexican Association of Hepatology
Place of publication:México
Document Type:Article
Date of Publication (online):2019/06/25
Year of first Publication:2009
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2023/10/04
Page Number:10
First Page:103
Last Page:112
Dewey Decimal Classification:6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 61 Medizin und Gesundheit / 610 Medizin und Gesundheit
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - CC BY-NC-ND - Namensnennung - Nicht kommerziell - Keine Bearbeitungen 4.0 International