Osteocalcin, Azan and Toluidine blue staining in fibrous dysplasia and ossifying fibroma of the jaws

  • Background: Fibrous dysplasia (FD) and ossifying fibroma (OF) are fibro-osseous lesions (FOLs) having several overlaps that may make final diagnosis difficult by hematoxylin and eosin (H/E) alone. Aim: This study seeks to detect any association between Azan and Toluidine blue staining as compared with osteocalcin in FD and OF diagnosis. Methods:Forty formalin fixed paraffin embedded (FFPE) blocks of FD and OF were prepared for Azan, Toluidine blue and osteocalcin staining. Brown staining of calcified structures was considered as positive for osteocalcin. Scoring for Azan and Toluidine blue was evaluated based on intensity and localization. Level of agreement of original and revised diagnosis was determined. Results: Six (40%) of 15 FD were corroborated by osteocalcin. Eight cases initially diagnosed as OF were revised to FD. There were 25 OF according to H/E, and 17 (68%) were validated by osteocalcin. Measure of agreement between histology and immunohistochemistry was 0.081; p = .608. Eleven (42.3%) OF expressed strong toluidine blue staining of the intervening fibrous connective tissue stroma while only 2 (14.2%) FD showed similar staining, this difference was statistically significant [p = .001]. Conclusions: Histomorphometric analysis with Toluidine blue may reduce diagnostic errors of OF and FD.

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Author:Samuel Ebele UdeaborORCiDGND, Akinyele Olumuyiwa AdisaORCiD, Anna Orlowska, Po-ju Chia-LaiGND, Robert Alexander SaderORCiDGND, Shahram Michael GhanaatiORCiDGND
Parent Title (English):Alexandria Journal of Medicine
Place of publication:Amsterdam u.a.
Document Type:Article
Date of Publication (online):2018/02/13
Date of first Publication:2018/02/13
Publishing Institution:Universit├Ątsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2023/11/02
Tag:Azan; Fibrous dysplasia; Ossifying fibroma; Osteocalcin; Toluidine blue
Page Number:5
First Page:693
Last Page:697
Dewey Decimal Classification:6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 61 Medizin und Gesundheit / 610 Medizin und Gesundheit
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - CC BY-NC-ND - Namensnennung - Nicht kommerziell - Keine Bearbeitungen 4.0 International