Supervised valsalva maneuver after Burr hole evacuation of chronic subdural hematoma: a prospective cohort study

  • Background: Research on chronic subdural hematoma (cSDH) management has primarily focused on potential recurrence after surgical evacuation. Herein, we present a novel postoperative/non-invasive treatment that includes a supervised Valsalva maneuver (SVM), which may serve to reduce SDH recurrence. Accordingly, the aims of the study were to investigate the effects of SVM on SDH recurrence rates and functional outcomes. Methods: A prospective study was conducted from December 2016 until December 2019 at the Goethe University Hospital Frankfurt. Of the 204 adult patients with surgically treated cSDH who had subdural drains placed, 94 patients were assigned to the SVM group and 82 patients were assigned to the control group. The SVM was performed by having patients blow into a self-made SVM device at least two times/h for 12 h/day. The primary end-point was SDH recurrence rate, while secondary outcomes were morbidity and functional outcomes at 3 months of follow-up. Results: SDH recurrence was observed in 16 of 94 patients (17%) in the SVM group, which was a significant reduction as compared with the control group, which had 24 of 82 patients (29.3%; p = 0.05) develop recurrent SDHs. Further, the infection rate (e.g., pneumonia) was significantly lower in the SVM group (1.1%) than in the control group (13.4%; p < 0.001; odds ratio [OR] 0.1). At the 3-month follow-up, 85 of 94 patients (90.4%) achieved favorable outcomes in the SVM group compared with 62 of 82 patients (75.6%) in the control group (p = 0.008; OR 3.0). Independent predictors for favorable outcome at follow-up were age (OR 0.9) and infection (OR 0.2). Conclusion: SVM appears to be safe and effective in the post-operative management of cSDHs, reducing both recurrence rates and infections after surgical evacuation, thereby resulting in favorable outcomes at follow-up.

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Author:Sae-Yeon WonORCiDGND, Daniel DubinskiORCiDGND, Bedjan BehmaneshORCiDGND, Joshua D. BernstockORCiD, Fee KeilORCiDGND, Thomas Michael FreimanORCiDGND, Jürgen KonczallaORCiDGND, Volker SeifertORCiD, Florian GeßlerORCiDGND
Parent Title (English):Brain and Spine
Place of publication:Amsterdam
Document Type:Conference Proceeding
Date of Publication (online):2021/12/27
Date of first Publication:2021/12/27
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Contributing Corporation:European Association of Neurosurgical Societies Congress (2021 : Hamburg)
Release Date:2023/10/28
Issue:supplement 2, 100649
Article Number:100649
Page Number:1
Dewey Decimal Classification:6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 61 Medizin und Gesundheit / 610 Medizin und Gesundheit
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - CC BY-NC-ND - Namensnennung - Nicht kommerziell - Keine Bearbeitungen 4.0 International