How are guide profession and routine care setting related to adherence and symptom change in iCBT for depression? - an explorative log-data analysis

  • Background: While the antidepressant efficacy of guided digital interventions has been proven in randomized controlled trials, findings from routine care are less clear. Low adherence rates are common and limit the potential effectiveness. Adherence has been linked to sociodemographic variables and the amount of guidance, but the role of the guide's profession and their work setting has not yet been studied for routine care. Methods: Routinely collected log data from a digital intervention for depressed patients (iFightDepression tool) were analyzed in an exploratory manner. The sample is a convenience sample from routine care, where guidance is provided by general practitioners (GP), certified psychotherapists (PT) or medical doctors specialized in mental health. Log data from 2184 patients were analyzed and five usage parameters were extracted to measure adherence (first-to-last login, time on tool, number of sessions, workshops completed and minimal dose). Multiple logistic regression was used to analyze relations between the guide's profession and clinical context as well as other covariates and adherence and symptom change on a brief depression questionnaire (PHQ-9). Results: The analyses showed a significant relation of guide profession and adherence. Guidance by PT was associated to the highest adherence scores (reference category). The odds ratios (ORs) of scoring above the median in each usage parameter for patients guided by GPs were 0.50–0.63 (all ps < 0.002) and 0.61–0.80 (p = .002–0.197) for MH. Higher age, initial PHQ-9 score and self-reported diagnosis of depression were also significantly associated with higher adherence scores. In a subsample providing enough data on the PHQ-9 (n = 347), no association of guide profession with symptom reduction was found. Instead, a greater reduction was observed for patients with a higher baseline PHQ-9 (β = −0. 39, t(341.75) = −8.814, p < .001) and for those who had achieved minimal dose (β = −2.42, t(340.34) = −4.174, P < .001) and those who had achieved minimal dose and scored high on time on tool (β = 0.22, t(341.75) = 1.965, P = .050). Conclusion: Being guided by PT was associated with the highest adherence. The lowest adherence was observed in patients who were guided by GP. While no association of guide profession and symptom reduction was found in a subsample, greater adherence was associated with symptom reduction.

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Author:Caroline OehlerORCiDGND, Katharina ScholzeORCiD, Pia DrießenORCiD, Christine Rummel-KlugeORCiDGND, Frauke GörgesORCiDGND, Ulrich HegerlORCiDGND
Parent Title (English):Internet interventions
Place of publication:Amsterdam
Document Type:Article
Date of Publication (online):2021/11/08
Date of first Publication:2021/11/02
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2023/11/06
Tag:Depression; Guidance; Guide profession; Internet-based therapy; iCBT
Article Number:100476
Page Number:8
Dewey Decimal Classification:6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 61 Medizin und Gesundheit / 610 Medizin und Gesundheit
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - CC BY-NC-ND - Namensnennung - Nicht kommerziell - Keine Bearbeitungen 4.0 International