18 months results of a reinforced lumbopelvic fixation technique

  • Introduction: Lumbosacral fixation is a common procedure in primary and revision spine surgery but leads to high biomechanical stress on adjacent segments and the SIJ, resulting in implant failure such as breakage and loosening and pain. This frequently results in further surgery. For patients showing clinical and radiological signs of SIJ affection/arthrosis who fail conservative therapy, transarticular lumbopelvic fusion via the SIJ may be considered. The Bedrock™ technique has been described as a new option for reinforced lumbopelvic fixation, fusing the SIJ with additional triangular titanium implants, thereby reducing biomechanical loads off the S2AI screws. We share our experiences with 19 patients treated with this technique since January 2019. Materials and Methods: 19 patients suffering from persisting low back pain (LBP) with indication for reinforced lumbopelvic fixation and SIJ fusion were treated with reinforced lumboplevic fixation with S2AI screw and a triangular titanium implant. 14 cases were revisions. All surgeries were carried out by a single surgeon at a orthopedic university hospital. Data was gathered retrospectively. Results: From 1/2019 - 9/2021 19 patients (11f, 8m) were treated with reinforced lumbopelvic fixation and SIJ fusion with a mean follow up of 18,2 months. Mean age 68 years (range 62-78y). Preop. walking distance was reduced to an average <100 m. Standard treatment involved S2AI screws and triangular titanium implants (SIBone, iFuse 3D™). 14 revision cases split into 5 low grade infections with screw loosening, 3 cases with rod breakage, 5 cases of painful lumbopelvic screw prominence, 7 cases with proximal junctional kyphosis, 2 cases with misplaced implants, 8 cases of poor bone mineral density. 5 patients without prior spine surgery. All patients were treated bilaterally using freehand technique. Average implant length was 65 mm. There were no intraoperative or implant associated adverse events (AE) or serious adverse events (SAE). Postoperative imaging demonstrated good implant positioning and function. All patients regained walking ability for distances > 1000 m and were satisfied with the result. All patients reported significant reduction of SIJ pain. Conclusion: We report results of 19 patients with a reinforced lumbopelvic fixation and fusion by S2AI screws augmented by one parallelly placed triangular titanium implant fusing the SIJ bilaterally with a mean follow-up of 18.2 months. Intra- and postoperatively we experienced no implant associated adverse event. Patients regained significant walking ability and significant reduction of SIJ pain. Radiologically no signs of implant loosening or failure were detected at the end of follow-up. Our results demonstrate a safe and efficacious surgical technique for reinforced lumbopelvic fixation with fusion of SIJ with significant improvement of the health care related quality of life. Further studies need to be conducted in order to obtain additional evidence.

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Author:Jacques Dominik Müller-BroichGND, Panagiotis DiaremesORCiDGND
Parent Title (English):Brain and Spine
Place of publication:Amsterdam
Document Type:Conference Proceeding
Date of Publication (online):2023/10/04
Date of first Publication:2023/10/04
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Contributing Corporation:Eurospine (2023 : Frankfurt, Main)
Release Date:2023/10/28
Issue:Supplement 2, 102517
Article Number:102517
Page Number:1
Dewey Decimal Classification:6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 61 Medizin und Gesundheit / 610 Medizin und Gesundheit
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - CC BY-NC-ND - Namensnennung - Nicht kommerziell - Keine Bearbeitungen 4.0 International