Change in population and land use intensity under the aspect of the physical environment and accessibility

  • The land use in the Tangale-Waja area is analysed according to the two basic categories of geography: Firstly the manifold interaction between men and environment which form the spatial characteristics of an area, and secondly the decrease of influence with increasing distance. The importance of these two elementary factors is described by indicators as accessibility for the period from the precolonial situation until the time after World War II, when new roads were constructed through the mountainous area. Living in a hilly environment the self contained population (formerly called "hill pagans") had developed special agricultural techniques which can be considered ecologically well adapted. The opening up of the area after the pacification, Christianity and education, led to a considerable increase in population, the expansion of land under cultivation, and the change of settlement structure by down-hill population movement. This resulted in overuse of the fragile natural resources. The size of farm steads became too small for the family unit and the still low accessibility of the hinterland of the main interregional roads as well as inappropriate techniques of agricultural production are shortcomings causing heavy damage to the physical environment and decreasing living standards of the local population.

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Author:Werner FrickeGND, Jürgen Heinrich, Dieter Kaufhold
Parent Title (German):Berichte des Sonderforschungsbereichs 268
Series (Serial Number):Berichte des Sonderforschungsbereichs 268 (02, 113)
Publisher:SFB 268
Place of publication:Frankfurt, M.
Document Type:Article
Date of Publication (online):2007/01/02
Year of first Publication:1993
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2007/01/02
Page Number:13
First Page:113
Last Page:132
Source:IN : Berichte des Sonderforschungsbereiches 268 Band 2, Frankfurt am Main 1993 : 113-125
Institutes:Zentrale Einrichtung / SFB 268
Dewey Decimal Classification:9 Geschichte und Geografie / 91 Geografie, Reisen / 910 Geografie, Reisen
Licence (German):License LogoDeutsches Urheberrecht