A guide to phylogenetic metrics for conservation, community ecology and macroecology

  • The use of phylogenies in ecology is increasingly common and has broadened our understanding of biological diversity. Ecological sub-disciplines, particularly conservation, community ecology and macroecology, all recognize the value of evolutionary relationships but the resulting development of phylogenetic approaches has led to a proliferation of phylogenetic diversity metrics. The use of many metrics across the sub-disciplines hampers potential meta-analyses, syntheses, and generalizations of existing results. Further, there is no guide for selecting the appropriate metric for a given question, and different metrics are frequently used to address similar questions. To improve the choice, application, and interpretation of phylo-diversity metrics, we organize existing metrics by expanding on a unifying framework for phylogenetic information. Generally, questions about phylogenetic relationships within or between assemblages tend to ask three types of question: how much; how different; or how regular? We show that these questions reflect three dimensions of a phylogenetic tree: richness, divergence, and regularity. We classify 70 existing phylo-diversity metrics based on their mathematical form within these three dimensions and identify ‘anchor’ representatives: for α-diversity metrics these are PD (Faith's phylogenetic diversity), MPD (mean pairwise distance), and VPD (variation of pairwise distances). By analysing mathematical formulae and using simulations, we use this framework to identify metrics that mix dimensions, and we provide a guide to choosing and using the most appropriate metrics. We show that metric choice requires connecting the research question with the correct dimension of the framework and that there are logical approaches to selecting and interpreting metrics. The guide outlined herein will help researchers navigate the current jungle of indices.
Metadaten
Author:Caroline M. Tucker, Marc William Cadotte, Silvia B. Carvalho, T. Jonathan Davies, Simon Ferrier, Susanne A. Fritz, Rich Grenyer, Matthew R. Helmus, Lanna S. Jin, Arne Ø Mooers, Sandrine Pavoine, Oliver Purschke, David W. Redding, Dan F. Rosauer, Marten Winter, Florent Mazel
URN:urn:nbn:de:hebis:30:3-458369
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/brv.12252d
ISSN:1469-185X
ISSN:1464-7931
ISSN:0006-3231
Pubmed Id:https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/26785932
Parent Title (English):Biological reviews
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell
Place of publication:Oxford
Document Type:Article
Language:English
Year of Completion:2016
Date of first Publication:2016/01/20
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2018/03/13
Tag:biodiversity hotspots; biogeography; community assembly; conservation; diversity metrics; evolutionary history; phylogenetic diversity; prioritization; range size
Volume:92
Issue:2
Page Number:18
First Page:698
Last Page:715
Note:
This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs License, which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.
HeBIS-PPN:431860599
Institutes:Angeschlossene und kooperierende Institutionen / Senckenbergische Naturforschende Gesellschaft
Biowissenschaften / Institut für Ökologie, Evolution und Diversität
Fachübergreifende Einrichtungen / Biodiversität und Klima Forschungszentrum (BiK-F)
Dewey Decimal Classification:5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 57 Biowissenschaften; Biologie / 570 Biowissenschaften; Biologie
Sammlungen:Universitätspublikationen
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung-Nicht kommerziell - Keine Bearbeitung 4.0