Chronic stress in young German adults : who is affected? a prospective cohort study

  • We aimed to prospectively assess changes in chronic stress among young adults transitioning from high school to university or working life. A population-based cohort in Munich and Dresden (Germany) was followed from age 16–18 (2002–2003) to age 20–23 (2007–2009) (n = 1688). Using the Trier Inventory for the Assessment of Chronic Stress, two dimensions of stress at university or work were assessed: work overload and work discontent. In the multiple ordinal generalized estimating equations, socio-demographics, stress outside the workplace, and job history were additionally considered. At follow-up, 52% of the population were university students. Work overload increased statistically significantly from first to second follow-up, while work discontent remained constant at the population level. Students, compared to employees, reported a larger increase in work overload (adjusted odds ratio (OR): 1.33; 95% confidence interval (95% CI): 1.07, 1.67), while work discontent did not differ between the groups. In conclusion, work overload increases when young adults transition from school to university/job life, with university students experiencing the largest increase.

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Author:Ronald Herrera, Ursula Berger, Jon Genuneit, Jessica Gerlich, Dennis Nowak, Wolff Schlotz, Christian Vogelberg, Erika von Mutius, Gudrun Weinmayr, Doris Windstetter, Matthias Weigl, Katja Radon
URN:urn:nbn:de:hebis:30:3-459405
DOI:https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph14111325
ISSN:1660-4601
ISSN:1661-7827
Pubmed Id:https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/29088088
Parent Title (English):International journal of environmental research and public health
Publisher:MDPI AG
Place of publication:Basel
Document Type:Article
Language:English
Year of Completion:2017
Date of first Publication:2017/10/31
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2018/04/19
Tag:generalized estimation equations; longitudinal study; psychological effects; work stress
Volume:14
Issue:11, Art. 1325
Page Number:13
First Page:1
Last Page:13
Note:
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
HeBIS-PPN:431957606
Institutes:Psychologie und Sportwissenschaften / Psychologie
Angeschlossene und kooperierende Institutionen / MPI für empirische Ästhetik
Dewey Decimal Classification:1 Philosophie und Psychologie / 15 Psychologie / 150 Psychologie
Sammlungen:Universitätspublikationen
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung 4.0