Captive individuals of endangered Philippine raptors maintain native feather mites (Acariformes: Pterolichoidea) species

  • Endangered species of hosts are coupled with endangered species of parasites, which share the risk of co-extinction. Conservation efforts sometimes include breeding of rare species in captivity. Data on parasites of captive populations of endangered species is scarce and the ability of small numbers of captive host individuals to support the biodiversity of native parasites is limited. Examination of ectosymbionts of the critically endangered Philippine eagles and the endangered Mindanao Hawk-Eagle kept at the Philippine Eagle Center, Philippines, revealed three feather mite species despite regular treatment with insecticide powder. No other ectosymbiont taxa were detected. Studies in morphology and molecular phylogeny of these feather mites based on mitochondrial and nuclear DNA markers indicate that species found were typical for Accipitridae. Three new pterolichoid feather mite species (Acari: Pterolichoidea) were described from two species of eagles (Accipitriformes: Accipitridae) endemic to the Philippines: Hieracolichus philippinensis sp. n. (Gabuciniidae) and Pseudalloptinus pithecophagae sp. n. (Pterolichidae) from the Great Philippine Eagle Pithecophaga jefferyi Ogilvie-Grant, 1896, and Pseudogabucinia nisaeti sp. n. (Kramerellidae) from the Mindanao Hawk-Eagle Nisaetus pinskeri Gould, 1863. The presence of H. philippinensis on P. jefferyi supports the recent finding that the Great Philippine Eagle belongs to the lineage of serpent eagles (Circaetinae) rather than to the Harpy and other eagles.
Author:Sergey V. Mironov, Boris D. Efeykin, Jayson C. Ibanez, Anna Mae Sumaya, Oleg O. Tolstenkov
Parent Title (English):International journal for parasitology. parasites and wildlife
Place of publication:Amsterdam [u. a.]
Document Type:Article
Year of Completion:2018
Date of first Publication:2018/03/17
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2018/05/22
Tag:Birds of prey; Ectoparasites; Feather mites; Great philippine eagle; Mindanao hawk-eagle; Molecular phylogeny; Nisaetus pinskeri; Parasites of endangered species; Pithecophaga jefferyi; Pterolichoidea
Page Number:18
First Page:116
Last Page:133
© 2018 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd on behalf of Australian Society for Parasitology. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (
Institutes:Biowissenschaften / Biowissenschaften
Exzellenzcluster / Exzellenzcluster Makromolekulare Komplexe
Dewey Decimal Classification:5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 59 Tiere (Zoologie) / 590 Tiere (Zoologie)
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung 4.0