Stability, hyperbolicity, and imaginary projections of polynomials

  • In this thesis we introduce the imaginary projection of (multivariate) polynomials as the projection of their variety onto its imaginary part, I(f) = { Im(z_1, ... , z_n) : f(z_1, ... , z_n) = 0 }. This induces a geometric viewpoint to stability, since a polynomial f is stable if and only if its imaginary projection does not intersect the positive orthant. Accordingly, the thesis is mainly motivated by the theory of stable polynomials. Interested in the number and structure of components of the complement of imaginary projections, we show as a key result that there are only finitely many components which are all convex. This offers a connection to the theory of amoebas and coamoebas as well as to the theory of hyperbolic polynomials. For hyperbolic polynomials, we show that hyperbolicity cones coincide with components of the complement of imaginary projections, which provides a strong structural relationship between these two sets. Based on this, we prove a tight upper bound for the number of hyperbolicity cones and, respectively, for the number of components of the complement in the case of homogeneous polynomials. Beside this, we investigate various aspects of imaginary projections and compute imaginary projections of several classes explicitly. Finally, we initiate the study of a conic generalization of stability by considering polynomials whose roots have no imaginary part in the interior of a given real, n-dimensional, proper cone K. This appears to be very natural, since many statements known for univariate and multivariate stable polynomials can be transferred to the conic situation, like the Hermite-Biehler Theorem and the Hermite-Kakeya-Obreschkoff Theorem. When considering K to be the cone of positive semidefinite matrices, we prove a criterion for conic stability of determinantal polynomials.

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Author:Thorsten Jörgens
Place of publication:Frankfurt am Main
Referee:Thorsten Theobald, Mario Kummer
Document Type:Doctoral Thesis
Date of Publication (online):2018/05/22
Year of first Publication:2018
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Granting Institution:Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität
Date of final exam:2018/05/16
Release Date:2018/05/24
Page Number:118
Mathematisch-physikalische Zeichen können im Abstract nur teilweise korrekt dargestellt werden.
Institutes:Informatik und Mathematik
Dewey Decimal Classification:5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 51 Mathematik / 510 Mathematik
Licence (German):License LogoDeutsches Urheberrecht