Modified amyloid variants in pathological subgroups of β‐amyloidosis

  • Objective: Amyloid β (Aβ) depositions in plaques and cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) represent common features of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Sequential deposition of post‐translationally modified Aβ in plaques characterizes distinct biochemical stages of Aβ maturation. However, the molecular composition of vascular Aβ deposits in CAA and its relation to plaques remain enigmatic. Methods: Vascular and parenchymal deposits were immunohistochemically analyzed for pyroglutaminated and phosphorylated Aβ in the medial temporal and occipital lobe of 24 controls, 27 pathologically‐defined preclinical AD, and 20 symptomatic AD cases. Results: Sequential deposition of Aβ in CAA resembled Aβ maturation in plaques and enabled the distinction of three biochemical stages of CAA. B‐CAA stage 1 was characterized by deposition of Aβ in the absence of pyroglutaminated AβN3pE and phosphorylated AβpS8. B‐CAA stage 2 showed additional AβN3pE and B‐CAA stage 3 additional AβpS8. Based on the Aβ maturation staging in CAA and plaques, three case groups for Aβ pathology could be distinguished: group 1 with advanced Aβ maturation in CAA; group 2 with equal Aβ maturation in CAA and plaques; group 3 with advanced Aβ maturation in plaques. All symptomatic AD cases presented with end‐stage plaque maturation, whereas CAA could exhibit immature Aβ deposits. Notably, Aβ pathology group 1 was associated with arterial hypertension, and group 2 with the development of dementia. Interpretation: Balance of Aβ maturation in CAA and plaques defines distinct pathological subgroups of β‐amyloidosis. The association of CAA‐related Aβ maturation with cognitive decline, the individual contribution of CAA and plaque pathology to the development of dementia within the defined Aβ pathology subgroups, and the subgroup‐related association with arterial hypertension should be considered for differential diagnosis and therapeutic intervention.
Author:Janina Gerth, Sathish Kumar, Ajeet Rijal Upadhaya, Estifanos Ghebremedhin, Christine von Arnim, Dietmar Rudolf Thal, Jochen Walter
Pubmed Id:
Parent Title (English):Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology
Place of publication:Chichester [u. a.]
Document Type:Article
Year of Completion:2018
Date of first Publication:2018/06/06
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2018/08/23
Page Number:17
First Page:815
Last Page:531
© 2018 The Authors. Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc on behalf of American Neurological Association. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs License, which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.
Institutes:Medizin / Medizin
Dewey Decimal Classification:6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 61 Medizin und Gesundheit / 610 Medizin und Gesundheit
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung-Nicht kommerziell - Keine Bearbeitung 4.0