Range expansion drives the evolution of alternate reproductive strategies in invasive fire ants

  • Many species are expanding their ranges in response to climate changes or species introductions. Expansion-related selection likely drives the evolution of dispersal and reproductive traits, especially in invasive species introduced into novel habitats. We used an agent-based model to investigate these relationships in the red imported fire ant, Solenopsis invicta, by tracking simulated populations over 25 years. Most colonies of this invasive species produce two types of queens practicing alternate reproductive strategies. Claustral queens found new colonies in vacant habitats, while parasitic queens take over existing colonies whose queens have died. We investigated how relative investment in the two queen types affects population demography, habitat occupancy, and range expansion. We found that parasitic queens extend the ecological lifespan of colonies, thereby increasing a population’s overall habitat occupancy as well as average colony size (number of workers) and territory size. At the same time, investment in parasitic queens slowed the rate of range expansion by diverting investment from claustral queens. Divergent selection regimes caused edge and interior populations to evolve different levels of reproductive investment, such that interior populations invested heavily in parasitic queens whereas those at the edge invested almost entirely in claustral queens. Our results highlight factors shaping ant life histories, including the evolution of social parasitism, and have implications for the response of species to range shifts.

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Metadaten
Author:Jackson A. Helms IV, Eli S. Bridge
URN:urn:nbn:de:hebis:30:3-473000
DOI:https://doi.org/10.3897/neobiota.33.10300
Parent Title (English):NeoBiota
Document Type:Article
Language:English
Year of first Publication:2017
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2018/10/12
Tag:Agent-based Model; Dispersal Evolution; Dispersal Polymorphisms; Invasions; Range Expansion; Reproductive Polymorphisms; Social Parasitism; Solenopsis invicta
Volume:2017
Issue:33
Page Number:16
First Page:67
Last Page:82
HeBIS-PPN:438550455
Dewey Decimal Classification:5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 57 Biowissenschaften; Biologie / 570 Biowissenschaften; Biologie
Sammlungen:Sammlung Biologie / Sondersammelgebiets-Volltexte
Zeitschriften / Jahresberichte:NeoBiota / NeoBiota 33
Journal:urn:nbn:de:hebis:30:3-472891
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung 4.0