Der Erste Weltkrieg und die deutsche Sprachwissenschaft

The First World War and German linguistics

  • The First World War brought devastating consequences for German linguistics. Formerly one of the most prestigious foreign languages taught at schools and universities outside Germany, after the war German disappeared from almost all curricula abroad. Furthermore, it proved impossible to establish a structuralist school (such as the Prague school) in Germany. The article suggests that this was neither due to the long tradition of the Jungian grammarians nor due to the Nazis' official condemnation of structuralism as being incompatible with the ideology of the state. It is shown that such a development should instead be attributed to the so-called "Krieg der Geister" ("war of the intellect"), which remained present even after the military peace (1918) amid a feeling of national insecurity. The article concludes that such a nationalistic social and political environment proved to be fertile ground for Whorfianism, and the influence of the so-called 'Sprachinhaltsforschung' prevailed towards structuralism.

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Author:Teuta Abrashi
Parent Title (German):Acta Facultatis Philosophicae Universitatis Ostraviensis / Studia Germanistica
Publisher:Ostravská univerzita v Ostravě
Place of publication:Ostrava
Document Type:Article
Date of Publication (online):2018/10/05
Year of first Publication:2016
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2018/11/08
GND Keyword:Weltkrieg <1914-1918>; Germanistik; Linguistik; Schriftsteller; Intellektueller; Kriegsbeginn; Deutsch; Deutsch als Fremdsprache; Strukturalismus
Page Number:18
First Page:5
Last Page:22
Dewey Decimal Classification:4 Sprache / 41 Linguistik / 410 Linguistik
8 Literatur / 80 Literatur, Rhetorik, Literaturwissenschaft / 800 Literatur und Rhetorik
8 Literatur / 83 Deutsche und verwandte Literaturen / 830 Literaturen germanischer Sprachen; Deutsche Literatur
Sammlungen:Germanistik / GiNDok
CompaRe | Allgemeine und Vergleichende Literaturwissenschaft
BDSL-Klassifikation:02.00.00 Deutsche Sprachwissenschaft (in Auswahl) / BDSL-Klassifikation: 02.00.00 Deutsche Sprachwissenschaft > 02.02.00 Studien
Zeitschriften / Jahresberichte:Acta Facultatis Philosophicae Universitatis Ostraviensis / Studia Germanistica / Studia Germanistica 19
Licence (German):License LogoDeutsches Urheberrecht