Pre-encoding gamma-band activity during auditory working memory

  • Previous magnetoencephalography (MEG) studies have revealed gamma-band activity at sensors over parietal and fronto-temporal cortex during the delay phase of auditory spatial and non-spatial match-to-sample tasks, respectively. While this activity was interpreted as reflecting the memory maintenance of sound features, we noted that task-related activation differences might have been present already prior to the onset of the sample stimulus. The present study focused on the interval between a visual cue indicating which sound feature was to be memorized (lateralization or pitch) and sample sound presentation to test for task-related activation differences preceding stimulus encoding. MEG spectral activity was analyzed with cluster randomization tests (N = 15). Whereas there were no differences in frequencies below 40 Hz, gamma-band spectral amplitude (about 50–65 and 90–100 Hz) was higher for the lateralization than the pitch task. This activity was localized at right posterior and central sensors and present for several hundred ms after task cue offset. Activity at 50–65 Hz was also increased throughout the delay phase for the lateralization compared with the pitch task. Apparently cortical networks related to auditory spatial processing were activated after participants had been informed about the task.

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Author:Jochen KaiserORCiDGND, Maria Rieder, Cornelius Benjamin Abel, Benjamin Peters, Christoph Bledowski
URN:urn:nbn:de:hebis:30:3-478190
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1038/srep42599
ISSN:2045-2322
Pubmed Id:https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/28198413
Parent Title (English):Scientific reports
Publisher:Macmillan Publishers Limited, part of Springer Nature
Place of publication:[London]
Document Type:Article
Language:English
Year of Completion:2017
Date of first Publication:2017/02/15
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2018/11/13
Tag:Cognitive neuroscience; Human behaviour
Volume:7
Issue:Art. 42599
Page Number:10
First Page:1
Last Page:10
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Rights and permissions: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in the credit line; if the material is not included under the Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission from the license holder to reproduce the material. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
HeBIS-PPN:439887321
Institutes:Medizin / Medizin
Angeschlossene und kooperierende Institutionen / MPI für empirische Ästhetik
Dewey Decimal Classification:6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 61 Medizin und Gesundheit / 610 Medizin und Gesundheit
Sammlungen:Universitätspublikationen
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung 4.0