Trehalose activates CRE-dependent transcriptional signaling in HT22 mouse hippocampal neuronal cells : a central role for PKA without cAMP elevation

  • Cyclic adenosine 3′,5′monophosphate (cAMP) regulated element binding protein (CREB) is a transcription factor involved in many different signaling processes including memory storage and retrieval. The mouse hippocampal neuronal cell line HT22 is widely used as a model system for neuronal cell death and cellular signal pathway investigations. For the present work a variant of HT22 with a stably expressed CRE-luciferase (CRE-luc) reporter (HT22CRE) is introduced, characterized and used to investigate cAMP-dependent and independent CRE-dependent signal processes. Trehalose (Mykose or 1-α-Glucopyranosyl-1-α-glucopyranosid) is a naturally occurring disaccharide consisting of two α,α′,1,1-glycosidic connected glucose molecules in a wide range of organisms but usually not found in mammals. Trehalose has been shown to activate autophagy, a process which regulates the degradation and recycling of proteins and organelles. The exact processes how trehalose application works on mammalian neuronal cells is not yet understood. The present work shows that trehalose application dose-dependently elevates CRE-luc activity in HT22 cells and acts synergistically with cAMP-elevating agents. In this pathway cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) appears to be the most important factor and the stress kinase p38 and protein tyrosine kinases (PTKs) act as modulators.

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Author:Erik Maronde
Pubmed Id:
Parent Title (English):Frontiers in molecular neuroscience
Publisher:Frontiers Research Foundation
Place of publication:Lausanne
Contributor(s):David A. Carter
Document Type:Article
Year of Completion:2018
Date of first Publication:2018/10/22
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2018/12/11
Tag:CRE-luciferase; hippocampal neuronal cell line; pCREB; signaling; trehalose
Issue:Art. 386
Page Number:10
First Page:1
Last Page:10
Copyright © 2018 Maronde. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
Institutes:Medizin / Medizin
Dewey Decimal Classification:6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 61 Medizin und Gesundheit / 610 Medizin und Gesundheit
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung 4.0