Mobile measurements of particulate matter in a car cabin : local variations, contrasting data from mobile versus stationary measurements and the effect of an opened versus a closed window

  • Air pollution of particulate matter (PM) from traffic emissions has a significant impact on human health. Risk assessments for different traffic participants are often performed on the basis of data from local air quality monitoring stations. Numerous studies demonstrated the limitation of this approach. To assess the risk of PM exposure to a car driver more realistically, we measure the exposure to PM in a car cabin with a mobile aerosol spectrometer in Frankfurt am Main under different settings (local variations, opened versus a closed window) and compare it with data from stationary measurement. A video camera monitored the surroundings for potential PM source detection. In-cabin concentrations peaked at 508 µg m−3 for PM10, 133.9 µg m−3 for PM2.5, and 401.3 µg m−3 for coarse particles, and strongly depended on PM size and PM concentration in ambient air. The concentration of smaller particles showed low fluctuations, but the concentration of coarse particles showed high fluctuations with maximum values on busy roads. Several of these concentration peaks were assigned to the corresponding sources with characteristic particle size distribution profiles. The closure of the car window reduced the exposure to PM, and in particular to coarse particles. The mobile measured PM values differed significantly from stationary PM measures, although good correlations were computed for finer particles. Mobile rather than stationary measurements are essential to assess the risk of PM exposure for car passengers.

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Author:Janis Dröge, Ruth MüllerORCiD, Cristian Scutaru, Markus BraunORCiD, Jan David Alexander GronebergORCiDGND
URN:urn:nbn:de:hebis:30:3-485674
DOI:https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15122642
ISSN:1660-4601
ISSN:1661-7827
Pubmed Id:https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/30486237
Parent Title (English):International journal of environmental research and public health
Publisher:MDPI AG
Place of publication:Basel
Document Type:Article
Language:English
Year of Completion:2018
Date of first Publication:2018/11/26
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2018/12/27
Tag:in-cabin exposure; mobile air quality study; particle size distribution; particulate matter; traffic emissions; ventilation modes
Volume:15
Issue:12, Art. 2642
Page Number:20
First Page:1
Last Page:20
Note:
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
HeBIS-PPN:446259659
Institutes:Biochemie, Chemie und Pharmazie / Biochemie und Chemie
Medizin / Medizin
Dewey Decimal Classification:6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 61 Medizin und Gesundheit / 610 Medizin und Gesundheit
Sammlungen:Universitätspublikationen
Open-Access-Publikationsfonds:Medizin
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung 4.0