QCD at finite isospin chemical potential

  • We investigate the properties of QCD at finite isospin chemical potential at zero and non-zero temperatures. This theory is not affected by the sign problem and can be simulated using Monte-Carlo techniques. With increasing isospin chemical potential and temperatures below the deconfinement transition the system changes into a phase where charged pions condense, accompanied by an accumulation of low modes of the Dirac operator. The simulations are enabled by the introduction of a pionic source into the action, acting as an infrared regulator for the theory, and physical results are obtained by removing the regulator via an extrapolation. We present an update of our study concerning the associated phase diagram using 2+1 flavours of staggered fermions with physical quark masses and the comparison to Taylor expansion. We also present first results for our determination of the equation of state at finite isospin chemical potential and give an example for a cosmological application. The results can also be used to gain information about QCD at small baryon chemical potentials using reweighting with respect to the pionic source parameter and the chemical potential and we present first steps in this direction.

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Author:Bastian Benjamin BrandtGND, Gergely EndrődiORCiD, Sebastian Schmalzbauer
Parent Title (English):EPJ Web of Conferences
Publisher:EDP Sciences
Place of publication:Les Ulis
Document Type:Conference Proceeding
Year of Completion:2018
Date of first Publication:2018/03/26
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Contributing Corporation:35th International Symposium on Lattice Field Theory (Lattice 2017)
Release Date:2019/04/04
Issue:Article Number 07020
Page Number:16
Institutes:Physik / Physik
Dewey Decimal Classification:5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 53 Physik / 530 Physik
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung 4.0