Clinically relevant immune responses against Cytomegalovirus : implications for precision medicine

  • Immune responses to human cytomegalovirus (CMV) can be used to assess immune fitness in an individual. Further to its clinical significance in posttransplantation settings, emerging clinical and translational studies provide examples of immune correlates of protection pertaining to anti-CMV immune responses in the context of cancer or infectious diseases, e.g., tuberculosis. In this viewpoint, we provide a brief overview about CMV-directed immune reactivity and immune fitness in a clinical context and incorporate some of our own findings obtained from peripheral blood or tumour-infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) from patients with advanced cancer. Observations in patients with solid cancers whose lesions contain both CMV and tumour antigen-specific T-cell subsets are highlighted, due to a possible CMV-associated "bystander" effect in amplifying local inflammation and subsequent tumour rejection. The role of tumour-associated antibodies recognising diverse CMV-derived epitopes is also discussed in light of anti-cancer immune responses. We discuss here the use of anti-CMV immune responses as a theranostic tool—combining immunodiagnostics with a personalised therapeutic potential—to improve treatment outcomes in oncological indications.

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Author:Joana Lérias, Georgia Paraschoudi, Ines Silva, João Martins, Eric de Sousa, Carolina Condeço, Nuno Figueiredo, Carlos Carvalho, Ernest Dodoo, Elke Jäger, Martin Rao, Markus Maeurer
Pubmed Id:
Parent Title (English):International journal of molecular sciences
Publisher:Molecular Diversity Preservation International
Place of publication:Basel
Document Type:Article
Year of Completion:2019
Date of first Publication:2019/04/23
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2019/04/29
Tag:T cells; antibodies; cancer; cytomegalovirus; immune responses; immunotherapy; interferon gamma
Issue:8, Art. 1986
Page Number:13
First Page:1
Last Page:13
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
Institutes:Medizin / Medizin
Dewey Decimal Classification:6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 61 Medizin und Gesundheit / 610 Medizin und Gesundheit
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung 4.0