Identifizierung von neuen Zielgenen des Transkriptionsfaktors TAL1

  • Our understanding of human biology and disease is based on the last millennia’s gain of knowledge, which has been exponentially accelerated since the invention of optical and "biochemical" microscopes like transcriptomics and other omics technologies. In order to broaden our knowledge of an important human transcription factor, T-Cell Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia 1 (TAL1), some of these technologies were used. TAL1’s gene or promoter structure is altered in about 20-30% of T-ALL. In addition, there is an increase in TAL1 expression in ca. 60% of pediatric and about 45% of adult T-ALL. Physiologically, TAL1 is an indispensable factor in hematopoiesis: in the murine knockout model, blood cells vanish in the early embryonic period. In addition, the TF is also relevant in adult erythropoiesis. Accordingly, the identification of novel TAL1 target genes was significant both for clinical reasons and in order to understand the hematopoietic functions. We performend a combined RNA- and ChIPseq approach. After a lentiviral mediated knockdown in K562 cells RNAseq was performed using the Illumina high-throughput method. Overall, the RNAseq yielded one billion good quality sequencing fragments. They made identification of up- and downregulated transcripts as well as associated biological processes, cellular components, molecular function and dominant KEGG signaling pathways possible. Furthermore, more than 2-fold altered coding transcripts and lncRNA were analyzed for relevant TAL1-binding in the transcription start area. There were 3205 significantly altered coding transcripts and 5136 significantly altered lncRNA. By integrating an Encode TAL1-ChIPseq in K562 cells (using a cutoff fold change of 2x) a relevant TAL1 binding could be detected with 71 coding and 416 lncRNA genes. The combination of RNA- and ChIPseq yields a wealth of relevant results. Accordingly, TAL1 has complex pro- and anti-malignant effects in all areas of oncogenesis like described by Hanahan and Weinberg. Various interactions with target genes and signaling cascades in inter alia proliferation (e.g. HEMGN, MYC, AHI1, YPEL3, BTG2), angiogenesis (e.g. EGFL7, LTBP3), apoptosis (e.g. BCL3, BCL2A1, BMF), immune evasion (e.g. CMTM6) and inflammation (e.g. IL23 and PTGS1) have been revealed, thus complementing the knowledge about pro- and anti-oncogenic effects of TAL1. In addition, it was possible to identify target genes relevant for erythropoiesis and possible osteogenesis. Concerning lncRNA, interesting potential effectors have been identified. However, they still need to be functionally characterized. Relating the results to Virchow’s first description of leukemia as "white blood" the role of TAL1 in leukemia’s genesis but also in erythropoiesis has been confirmed and extended, thus contributing to explain Virchow’s observation: "...therefore, when I speak of white blood, I mean in fact a blood in which the proportion between the red and colorless (in white) blood corpuscles is reversed ...” (Virchow R. Weisses Blut. Frorieps Notizen 1845;36:151-156).

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Author:Benjamin Florian KochORCiDGND
Place of publication:Frankfurt am Main
Referee:Winfried Wels, Gesine Bug
Advisor:Jörn Lausen
Document Type:Doctoral Thesis
Date of Publication (online):2019/07/23
Year of first Publication:2018
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Granting Institution:Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität
Date of final exam:2019/07/04
Release Date:2019/07/25
Page Number:144
Dewey Decimal Classification:6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 61 Medizin und Gesundheit / 610 Medizin und Gesundheit
Licence (German):License LogoDeutsches Urheberrecht