Development of narrative macrostructure in monolingual preschoolers in Germany and impact of socio-economic status and home literacy environment

  • The aim of this paper is to analyse the development of narrative macrostructure and the impact of socio-economic status (SES) and home literacy environment (HLE) on the narrative macrostructure of monolingual preschoolers in Germany when retelling and telling a story. The analysis of narrative macrostructure includes three components: story structure, story complexity, and story comprehension. Oral narratives were elicited via Multilingual Assessment Instrument for Narratives (LITMUS-MAIN). 198 monolingual children between age 4;6 and 5;11 participated (M=63 months, SD=5 months). The comparison of narrative macrostructure in three age groups (4;6 to 4;11 years, 5;0 to 5;5 years, 5;6 to 5;11 years) illustrate significant age effects in story structure, story complexity and story comprehension skills. There were weak significant positive correlations of some of these skills with aspects of socio-economic status and home literacy environment, for example between story comprehension skills and the educational background, the frequency and duration of the child’s exposure to books and the number of books in the household.

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Metadaten
Author:Carina Marie Wehmeier
URN:urn:nbn:de:hebis:30:3-511606
DOI:https://doi.org/10.21248/zaspil.62.2019.443
ISSN:1435-9588
ISSN:0947-7055
Parent Title (English):Narrative texts by children and adults: insights into their organization through a prism of language system and environmental factors ; ZASPiL ; 62
Title Additional (German):Entwicklung makrostruktureller Erzählfähigkeiten einsprachig deutscher Kindergartenkinder unter Berücksichtigung des Einflusses sozio-ökonomischer sowie Literacy-Variablen
Publisher:Leibniz-Zentrum Allgemeine Sprachwissenschaft (ZAS)
Place of publication:Berlin
Document Type:Part of a Book
Language:English
Date of Publication (online):2019/09/12
Date of first Publication:2019/09/12
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2019/09/16
Tag:Deutsch; Erzählen, pragm.; Milieu, Soziolinguistik; Spracherwerb
Volume:62
Page Number:24
First Page:52
Last Page:75
HeBIS-PPN:453894488
Dewey Decimal Classification:4 Sprache / 41 Linguistik / 410 Linguistik
Sammlungen:Linguistik
Linguistik-Klassifikation:Linguistik-Klassifikation: Spracherwerb / Language acquisition
Linguistik-Klassifikation: Phraseologie/Idiomatik / Phraseology/Idioms
Zeitschriften / Jahresberichte:ZAS papers in linguistics : ZASPiL / ZASPIL 62 = Narrative texts by children and adults
Journal:urn:nbn:de:hebis:30:3-511569
Licence (German):License LogoDeutsches Urheberrecht