Indoor air pollution in cars: an update on novel insights

  • From a global viewpoint, a lot of time is spent within the indoor air compartment of vehicles. A German study on mobility has revealed that, on average, people spend 45 minutes per day inside vehicles. In recent years the number of cars has increased to around 43 million vehicles in private households. This means that more than one car can be used in every household. The ratio has been growing, especially in eastern Germany and rural areas. "Overall and especially outside the cities, the car remains by far number one mode of transport, especially in terms of mileage". Therefore, numerous international studies have addressed different aspects of indoor air hygiene, in the past years. In this paper, meaningful original studies on car indoor air pollution, related to VOCs, COx, PMs, microbials, BFRs, OPFRs, cigarettes, electronic smoking devices, high molecular weight plasticizer, and NOx are summarized in the form of a review. This present review aimed to summarize recently published studies in this important field of environmental medicine and points to the need for further studies with special recommendations for optimizing the interior air hygiene.

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Author:Nicole ZulaufORCiDGND, Janis Dröge, Doris KlingelhöferORCiD, Markus BraunORCiD, Maximilian Johannes Gerhard OremekORCiDGND, Jan David Alexander GronebergORCiDGND
Pubmed Id:
Parent Title (English):International journal of environmental research and public health
Publisher:MDPI AG
Place of publication:Basel
Document Type:Article
Year of Completion:2019
Date of first Publication:2019/07/09
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2019/09/30
Tag:(novel) brominated flame retardants ((N)BFR); air pollution; airborne bacteria; car indoor; carbon oxides (COx); fungi; high molecular weight plasticizer; nitrogen oxides (NOx); organophosphate flame retardants (OFR); particulate matter (PM); volatile organic compounds (VOC)
Issue:13, Art. 2441
Page Number:11
First Page:1
Last Page:11
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited
Institutes:Biochemie, Chemie und Pharmazie / Biochemie und Chemie
Medizin / Medizin
Dewey Decimal Classification:6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 61 Medizin und Gesundheit / 610 Medizin und Gesundheit
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung 4.0