Personal union and transfer: Great Britain and Hanover, 1714–1837

  • During the transition from early-modern societies to the nation states of the 19th and 20th centuries, the formation of the territorial state performed an important function. The combining of dominions to form a geographical and political unit could occur through the annexation of the weaker territory by the stronger one, but it could also occur with the mutual agreement of the political decision-makers of both territories. In the case of a union, a distinction emerged very early on between a real union and a personal union (or union of crowns). While in a real union agreements under international law were equally binding for both partners, the personal union assumed a special status, in which the person of the ruler was the only connection between the two states. However, this strictly legal definition only applied to the political institutions. Below the state level, there were forms of transfer that could give a personal union a special, transnational character. Academic opinion remains divided on the extent to which these connections, which are referred to using the term "composite statehood", constitute a Europe-wide development.

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Author:Torsten Riotte
Parent Title (German):EGO
Publisher:Inst. für Europäische Geschichte
Place of publication:Mainz
Translator:Niall Williams
Contributor(s):Claudia Falk
Document Type:Article
Year of Completion:2017
Date of first Publication:2017/07/17
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2019/09/30
Page Number:21
This text is licensed under: CC by-nc-nd 3.0 Germany - Attribution, Noncommercial, No Derivative Works
Institutes:Philosophie und Geschichtswissenschaften / Geschichtswissenschaften
3 Sozialwissenschaften / 32 Politikwissenschaft / 320 Politikwissenschaft
9 Geschichte und Geografie / 94 Geschichte Europas / 940 Geschichte Europas
9 Geschichte und Geografie / 94 Geschichte Europas / 943 Geschichte Mitteleuropas; Deutschlands
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung-Nicht kommerziell-Keine Bearbeitung 3.0