Continuous ratings of movie watching reveal idiosyncratic dynamics of aesthetic enjoyment

  • Visual aesthetic experiences unfold over time, yet most of our understanding of such experiences comes from experiments using static visual stimuli and measuring static responses. Here, we investigated the temporal dynamics of subjective aesthetic experience using temporally extended stimuli (movie clips) in combination with continuous behavioral ratings. Two groups of participants, a rate group (n = 25) and a view group (n = 25), watched 30-second video clips of landscapes and dance performances in test and retest blocks. The rate group reported continuous ratings while watching the videos, with an overall aesthetic judgment at the end of each video, in both test and retest blocks. The view group, however, passively watched the videos in the test block, reporting only an overall aesthetic judgment at the end of each clip. In the retest block, the view group reported both continuous and overall judgments. When comparing the two groups, we found that the task of making continuous ratings did not influence overall ratings or agreement across participants. In addition, the degree of temporal variation in continuous ratings over time differed substantially by observer (from slower "integrators" to "fast responders"), but less so by video. Reliability of continuous ratings across repeated exposures was in general high, but also showed notable variance across participants. Together, these results show that temporally extended stimuli produce aesthetic experiences that are not the same from person to person, and that continuous behavioral ratings provide a reliable window into the temporal dynamics of such aesthetic experiences while not materially altering the experiences themselves.
Author:Ayse Ilkay Isik, Edward A. Vessel
Parent Title (English):PLoS one
Place of publication:Lawrence, Kan.
Contributor(s):Rodrigo Ferrer
Document Type:Article
Year of Completion:2019
Date of first Publication:2019/10/25
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2019/10/28
Tag:Behavior; Dynamical systems; Emotions; Happiness; Integrators; Psychological attitudes; Regression analysis; Research validity
Issue:(10): e0223896
Page Number:21
First Page:1
Last Page:21
Copyright: © 2019 Isik, Vessel. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Institutes:Biowissenschaften / Biowissenschaften
Wissenschaftliche Zentren und koordinierte Programme / Interdisziplinäres Zentrum für Neurowissenschaften Frankfurt (IZNF)
Dewey Decimal Classification:1 Philosophie und Psychologie / 15 Psychologie / 150 Psychologie
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung 4.0