Momilactones a and b: Optimization of yields from isolation and purification

  • Momilactones A and B (MA and MB, respectively) are phytoalexins and plant growth inhibitors available in rice husks. However, to date, the isolation and purification of the two compounds have been complicated, laborious, and less effective. The present study was conducted to establish a protocol to simplify and optimize quantities of MA and MB by combinations of ethyl acetate (EtOAc), distilled water, methanol (MeOH), temperature, and pressure for extractions. At a temperature of 100 °C, combined with EtOAc and MeOH 100%, MA and MB were enriched in greater quantities than non-treated rice husks, of which MB was much augmented than MA. The EtOAc extract obtained from samples dried at 100 °C for 1 h, then placed in MeOH 100% for 1 week, provided maximum yields of MA [58.76 µg/g dry weight (DW)] and MB (104.43 µg/g DW). The use of pressure effectively enhanced yields of MA (17.90–26.26 µg/g DW) and MB (40.78–71.0 µg/g DW). The actual purified amounts of MA and MB increased by 5 and 15 folds, respectively. The use of either sole distilled water or MeOH ≤ 50% at any temperature did not successfully isolate both MA and MB. The yield optimization aids to easier and more productive purification of the two compounds, and thus extends researches on biological activities of MA and MB, including pharmaceutical and medicinal properties.

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Author:Truong Ngoc Minh, Tran Dang Xuan, Ateeque Ahmad, Abdelnaser Abdelghany Elzaawely, Rolf Teschke, Truong Mai Van
Parent Title (English):Separations
Place of publication:Basel
Document Type:Article
Year of Completion:2018
Date of first Publication:2018/05/14
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2019/11/06
Tag:column chromatography; extracting solvents; momilactone A; momilactone B; pressure; temperature; yield optimization
Issue:2, Art. 28
Page Number:10
First Page:1
Last Page:10
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited
Institutes:Medizin / Medizin
Dewey Decimal Classification:6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 61 Medizin und Gesundheit / 610 Medizin und Gesundheit
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung 4.0