The current status of exotic freshwater vascular plants in Australia - a systematic description

  • Freshwater systems are considered particularly vulnerable to human impact, through habitat modification, changes to water regimes and quality, invasion by exotic species and climate change. Using various records, we conducted a descriptive analysis of the naturalised freshwater plant species in Australia. There are 63 freshwater plant species belonging to 45 genera and 26 families naturalised in Australia with the dominant families being Cyperaceae, Poaceae and Plantaginaceae. More than 40% of these species are categorised as either invasive or declared weeds, the majority being perennial wetland marginal plants. They originated from all the inhabited continents with most of the species being native to Europe, South America and North America. The greatest number of species are currently found in New South Wales (90%), Queensland (68%) and Victoria (65%); the ornamental aquarium plant trade was identified as the main introduction pathway. Most species are clonal plants with flexible modes of reproduction and multiple dispersal vectors. We conclude that exotic plant species are now an important component of Australia’s freshwater systems and that ongoing monitoring of their status, distribution and impact should be a high priority in light of the increasing influence of anthropogenic factors including climate change.

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Metadaten
Author:Guyo Duba Gufu, Michelle R. Leishman
URN:urn:nbn:de:hebis:30:3-515726
DOI:https://doi.org/doi:10.7751/cunninghamia.2018.18.008
ISSN:0727- 9620
ISSN:2200 - 405X
Parent Title (English):Cunninghamia : a journal of plant ecology for eastern Australia
Document Type:Article
Language:English
Year of first Publication:2018
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2019/10/23
Tag:aquatic; ecosystem; flora; invasive; native; naturalised; ornamental
Volume:18
Page Number:11
First Page:123
Last Page:133
HeBIS-PPN:455378215
Dewey Decimal Classification:5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 58 Pflanzen (Botanik) / 580 Pflanzen (Botanik)
Sammlungen:Sammlung Biologie / Sondersammelgebiets-Volltexte
Zeitschriften / Jahresberichte:Cunninghamia : A Journal of Plant Ecology for Eastern Australia / Cunninghamia : A Journal of Plant Ecology for Eastern Australia, Volume 18 (2018)
Journal:urn:nbn:de:hebis:30:3-514434
Licence (German):License LogoDeutsches Urheberrecht