10 years of BAWLing into affective and aesthetic processes in reading: what are the echoes?

  • Reading is not only "cold" information processing, but involves affective and aesthetic processes that go far beyond what current models of word recognition, sentence processing, or text comprehension can explain. To investigate such "hot" reading processes, standardized instruments that quantify both psycholinguistic and emotional variables at the sublexical, lexical, inter-, and supralexical levels (e.g., phonological iconicity, word valence, arousal-span, or passage suspense) are necessary. One such instrument, the Berlin Affective Word List (BAWL) has been used in over 50 published studies demonstrating effects of lexical emotional variables on all relevant processing levels (experiential, behavioral, neuronal). In this paper, we first present new data from several BAWL studies. Together, these studies examine various views on affective effects in reading arising from dimensional (e.g., valence) and discrete emotion features (e.g., happiness), or embodied cognition features like smelling. Second, we extend our investigation of the complex issue of affective word processing to words characterized by a mixture of affects. These words entail positive and negative valence, and/or features making them beautiful or ugly. Finally, we discuss tentative neurocognitive models of affective word processing in the light of the present results, raising new issues for future studies.

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Author:Arthur M. Jacobs, Melissa Lê-Hoa VõORCiDGND, Benny B. Briesemeister, Markus Conrad, Markus J. Hofmann, Lars Kuchinke, Jana Lüdtke, Mario Braun
Pubmed Id:https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/26089808
Parent Title (English):Frontiers in psychology
Publisher:Frontiers Research Foundation
Place of publication:Lausanne
Contributor(s):Cornelia Herbert
Document Type:Article
Year of Completion:2015
Date of first Publication:2015/06/03
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2019/12/04
Tag:Berlin Affective Word List (BAWL); aesthetics; emotion; lexical decision task; neurocognitive poetics; reading; valence decision task; word recognition models
Issue:Art. 714
Page Number:15
First Page:1
Last Page:15
Copyright © 2015 Jacobs, Võ, Briesemeister, Conrad, Hofmann, Kuchinke, Lüdtke and Braun. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
Institutes:Psychologie und Sportwissenschaften / Psychologie
Dewey Decimal Classification:1 Philosophie und Psychologie / 15 Psychologie / 150 Psychologie
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung 4.0