Discometra luberonensis sp. nov. (Crinoidea, Himerometridae), a new feather star from the Late Burdigalian

  • Most fossil feather stars are known only from the centrodorsal often connected to the radial circlet. This is the case for Discometra rhodanica (Fontannes, 1877), the type species of the genus Discometra, collected from the Late Burdigalian of the Miocene Rhône-Provence basin (southeastern France). The quarries operating in this area have exposed layers from the Late Burdigalian on the northern fl ank of the Lubéron anticline near Ménerbes (basin of Apt, Vaucluse, southeastern France). These layers contain exceptionally well-preserved echinoderms, among which are three specimens of a feather star with cirri and arms still connected to the centrodorsal. They are attributed to a new species: Discometraluberonensis sp. nov. (Himerometridae). The number of arms can reach 60, as in extant species of the genus Himerometra, but the pattern of arm divisions is closer to that of the genus Heterometra, which has no more than 45 arms in extant species. Discometra luberonensis sp. nov. diff ers from D. rhodanica by the characters of its centrodorsal. Here we redescribe the centrodorsal and radial circlets of D. rhodanica based on previously and newly collected specimens. We designate a neotype for D. rhodanica, because the holotype is considered lost. Affi nities between Discometra, Himerometraand Heterometra are discussed.

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Author:Marc Eléaume, Michel Roux, Michel Philippe
Parent Title (English):European journal of taxonomy
Series (Serial Number):European journal of taxonomy : EJT (729:121-137)
Publisher:Muséum National dHistoire Naturelle
Place of publication:Paris
Document Type:Article
Date of Publication (online):2020/12/29
Date of first Publication:2020/12/29
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2021/01/06
Tag:Crinoidea; Discometra; Himerometridae; Miocene; southeastern France
Page Number:17
First Page:121
Last Page:137
Dewey Decimal Classification:5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 59 Tiere (Zoologie) / 590 Tiere (Zoologie)
Sammlungen:Sammlung Biologie / Sondersammelgebiets-Volltexte
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung 4.0