Macrophage-derived iron-bound lipocalin-2 correlates with renal recovery markers following sepsis-induced kidney damage

  • During the course of sepsis in critically ill patients, kidney dysfunction and damage are among the first events of a complex scenario toward multi-organ failure and patient death. Acute kidney injury triggers the release of lipocalin-2 (Lcn-2), which is involved in both renal injury and recovery. Taking into account that Lcn-2 binds and transports iron with high affinity, we aimed at clarifying if Lcn-2 fulfills different biological functions according to its iron-loading status and its cellular source during sepsis-induced kidney failure. We assessed Lcn-2 levels both in serum and in the supernatant of short-term cultured renal macrophages (MΦ) as well as renal tubular epithelial cells (TEC) isolated from either Sham-operated or cecal ligation and puncture (CLP)-treated septic mice. Total kidney iron content was analyzed by Perls’ staining, while Lcn-2-bound iron in the supernatants of short-term cultured cells was determined by atomic absorption spectroscopy. Lcn-2 protein in serum was rapidly up-regulated at 6 h after sepsis induction and subsequently increased up to 48 h. Lcn-2-levels in the supernatant of TEC peaked at 24 h and were low at 48 h with no change in its iron-loading. In contrast, in renal MΦ Lcn-2 was low at 24 h, but increased at 48 h, where it mainly appeared in its iron-bound form. Whereas TEC-secreted, iron-free Lcn-2 was associated with renal injury, increased MΦ-released iron-bound Lcn-2 was linked to renal recovery. Therefore, we hypothesized that both the cellular source of Lcn-2 as well as its iron-load crucially adds to its biological function during sepsis-induced renal injury.

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Author:Christina Mertens, Laura Kuchler, Anna Sola, Roser Guiteras, Stephan Grein
Parent Title (English):International journal of molecular sciences
Place of publication:Basel
Document Type:Article
Date of Publication (online):2020/10/13
Date of first Publication:2020/10/13
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2021/07/30
Tag:CLP; iron; lipocalin-2; macrophages; renal tubular epithelial cells
Page Number:17
First Page:1
Last Page:17
Institutes:Medizin / Medizin
Dewey Decimal Classification:6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 61 Medizin und Gesundheit / 610 Medizin und Gesundheit
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung 4.0