Public kindergarten, maternal labor supply, and earnings in the longer run: too little too late?

  • By facilitating early re-entry to the labor market after childbirth, public kindergarten might positively affect maternal human capital and labor market outcomes: Are such effects long-lasting? Can we rely on between-individuals differences in quarter of birth to identify them? I isolate the effects of interest from spurious associations through difference-in-difference, exploiting across-states and over-time variation in public kindergarten eligibility regulations in the United States. The estimates suggest a very limited impact in the first year, and no longer-run impacts. Even in states where it does not affect kindergarten eligibility, quarter of birth is strongly and significantly correlated with maternal outcomes.
Author:Emilia SoldaniORCiD
Parent Title (English):Labour
Place of publication:Oxford [u.a.]
Document Type:Article
Date of Publication (online):2021/05/25
Date of first Publication:2021/05/25
Publishing Institution:Universit├Ątsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2022/04/05
Tag:childcare; longer run; maternal labor supply; quarter of birth
Page Number:50
First Page:214
Last Page:263
This project was partially funded by the Focus Program at Goethe University. I am especially indebted to Raquel Fernandez, Daniela Del Boca, and Nancy Qian for guidance and fruitful discussion. And to Richard Blundell, Nezih Guner, Amanda Kowalski, Elena Mattana, Debraj Ray, Devesh Rustagi, Kevin Thom, two anonymous reviewers, and the participants at numerous conferences for insightful comments. All mistakes are exclusively mine. Open Access funding enabled and organized by Projekt DEAL.
Dewey Decimal Classification:3 Sozialwissenschaften / 33 Wirtschaft / 330 Wirtschaft
3 Sozialwissenschaften / 38 Handel, Kommunikation, Verkehr / 380 Handel, Kommunikation, Verkehr
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung-Nicht kommerziell - Keine Bearbeitung 4.0