Longer-term outcomes after bicuspid aortic valve repair in 142 patients

  • Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate the longer-term results of bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) repair with or without aortic root replacement. Methods: From 1999 to 2017, 142 patients with or without aortic root dilatation who underwent repair of a regurgitant BAV were included in the study. Ninety-four patients underwent isolated BAV repair (Group 1; median age 43 years) and 48 patients underwent valve-sparing aortic root replacement plus BAV repair (aortic valve reimplantation—Group 2; median age 48 years). Median clinical follow-up time was 5.9 years (range 0.5–15) in Group 1 and 3 years (range 0.5–16) in Group 2, respectively. Results: In-hospital mortality was 1% in Group 1, and 2% in Group 2 (p = .6). The 5- and 10-year survival was 93 ± 2.9% and 81 ± 5.8% in Group 1 and 96 ± 3.1% and 96 ± 3.1% in Group 2, respectively (p = .31). Eleven patients of Group 1 (1.7%/patient-year) and five patients of Group 2 (2.2%/patient-year) underwent reoperation of the aortic valve (p = .5). The 5- and 10-year freedom from reoperation were 93.0 ± 2.1% and 77.1 ± 7.1% in Group 1 and 93.0 ± 5.0% and 76.7 ± 9.6% in Group 2 (p = .83), respectively. At the latest follow-up, only two patients of Group 1 and 1 patient of Group 2 had AV regurgitation = 2° (p = .7). The cumulative linearized incidence of all valve-related complications (bleeding, stroke, endocarditis, and reoperation) was 2.9%/patient-year in Group 1% and 4%/patient-year in Group 2, respectively (p = .6). Conclusions: Isolated BAV repair and combined aortic valve reimplantation plus BAV repair provide good clinical longer-term outcomes with relatively low reoperation rate and durable valve function.

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Author:Mojyan Safari, Nadejda Monsefi, Afsaneh Karimian-Tabrizi, Alexandra Miskovic, Arnaud van Linden, Pavel Žáček, Anton Moritz, Thomas Walther, Tomas Holubec
Parent Title (English):Journal of cardiac surgery
Place of publication:Oxford
Document Type:Article
Date of Publication (online):2021/09/21
Date of first Publication:2021/09/21
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2022/03/01
Tag:aortic root replacement; aortic valve repair; aortic valve-sparing
Page Number:7
First Page:4645
Last Page:4651
Open access funding enabled and organized by Projekt DEAL.
The study was supported by the Grant Agency of Charles University Progress Q40/4.
Dewey Decimal Classification:6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 61 Medizin und Gesundheit / 610 Medizin und Gesundheit
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung-Nicht kommerziell - Keine Bearbeitung 4.0