Zum Einfluss von Tonhöhenwahrnehmungspräferenz auf verbales Lernen unter Bewegung

  • This research project investigated how motor activity, such as cycling, influences the acquisition of foreign language vocabulary under two distinct conditions of auditory-motor-synchronisation. In a mixed subject design, 48 participants had to learn 40 Polish-German vocabulary pairs by auditory presentation over headphones in two different conditions, in which they performed motor activity cycling on a bicycle ergometer: in experiment 1, vocabulary was presented in a fixed rhythm while in experiment 2, participants self-initiated the presentation of vocabulary through pedalling. After having listened to the word pairs, they had to perform online vocabulary tests, one directly after the learning session and a second one 24 hours later from home. Additionally, the individual pitch perception preference (i.e. fundamental vs. spectral pitch perception) of the participants was determined. The results showed that fundamental listeners forgot significantly more vocabulary than spectral listeners during the fixed than during the self-initiated condition. There was no difference within the groups for the self-initiated condition. The analysis of the motor data revealed a significantly more accurate synchronisation for fundamental listeners during the fixed condition. Therefore, this study provides first evidence for the benefit of self-initiated auditory-motor synchronisation in the process of learning a foreign language in adults. It also reveals that pitch preference has an effect on auditory-motor synchronisation.

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Author:Camilla Diefenbach
Place of publication:Frankfurt am Main
Referee:Maren Schmidt-KassowORCiDGND, Christine M. FreitagORCiDGND
Advisor:Maren Schmidt-Kassow
Document Type:Doctoral Thesis
Date of Publication (online):2022/02/21
Year of first Publication:2021
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Granting Institution:Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität
Date of final exam:2022/12/22
Release Date:2022/03/11
Page Number:102
Dewey Decimal Classification:3 Sozialwissenschaften / 37 Bildung und Erziehung / 370 Bildung und Erziehung
6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 61 Medizin und Gesundheit / 610 Medizin und Gesundheit
Licence (German):License LogoDeutsches Urheberrecht