## 81R15 Operator algebra methods [See also 46Lxx, 81T05]

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Presentation at the Università di Pisa, Pisa, Itlay 3 July 2002, the conference on Irreversible Quantum Dynamics', the Abdus Salam ICTP, Trieste, Italy, 29 July - 2 August 2002, and the University of Natal, Pietermaritzburg, South Africa, 14 May 2003. Version of 24 April 2003: examples added; 16 December 2002: revised; 12 Sptember 2002. See the corresponding papers "Zeno Dynamics of von Neumann Algebras", "Zeno Dynamics in Quantum Statistical Mechanics" and "Mathematics of the Quantum Zeno Effect"

We present an overview of the mathematics underlying the quantum Zeno effect. Classical, functional analytic results are put into perspective and compared with more recent ones. This yields some new insights into mathematical preconditions entailing the Zeno paradox, in particular a simplified proof of Misra's and Sudarshan's theorem. We empahsise the complex-analytic structures associated to the issue of existence of the Zeno dynamics. On grounds of the assembled material, we reason about possible future mathematical developments pertaining to the Zeno paradox and its counterpart, the anti-Zeno paradox, both of which seem to be close to complete characterisations. PACS-Klassifikation: 03.65.Xp, 03.65Db, 05.30.-d, 02.30.T . See the corresponding presentation: Schmidt, Andreas U.: "Zeno Dynamics of von Neumann Algebras" and "Zeno Dynamics in Quantum Statistical Mechanics"

We study the quantum Zeno effect in quantum statistical mechanics within the operator algebraic framework. We formulate a condition for the appearance of the effect in W*-dynamical systems, in terms of the short-time behaviour of the dynamics. Examples of quantum spin systems show that this condition can be effectively applied to quantum statistical mechanical models. Furthermore, we derive an explicit form of the Zeno generator, and use it to construct Gibbs equilibrium states for the Zeno dynamics. As a concrete example, we consider the X-Y model, for which we show that a frequent measurement at a microscopic level, e.g. a single lattice site, can produce a macroscopic effect in changing the global equilibrium. PACS - Klassifikation: 03.65.Xp, 05.30.-d, 02.30. See the corresponding papers: Schmidt, Andreas U.: "Zeno Dynamics of von Neumann Algebras" and "Mathematics of the Quantum Zeno Effect" and the talk "Zeno Dynamics in Quantum Statistical Mechanics" - http://publikationen.ub.uni-frankfurt.de/volltexte/2005/1167/

The dynamical quantum Zeno effect is studied in the context of von Neumann algebras. It is shown that the Zeno dynamics coincides with the modular dynamics of a localized subalgebra. This relates the modular operator of that subalgebra to the modular operator of the original algebra by a variant of the Kato-Lie-Trotter product formula.